I Origins of the United Nations Organisation (UNO)
a) The United Nations was formed in response to the Second World War and the fact that the League of Nations had failed. The UN was created to stop the catastrophe of a Third World War from occurring. The Second World War had caused wide scale death and destruction and it was feared that another such conflict might eliminate human civilization altogether.
b) In 1943, Allied leaders of Britain, the United States and the Soviet Union met at a landmark conference held in Tehran, the capital of Iran. It was the first time Winston Churchill, President Franklin D Roosevelt and Marshal Joseph Stalin had met together. In a joint statement issued after the four-day conference, they expressed a determination to work together to win the war in Europe and in Asia and establish an "enduring peace".
c). At the San Francisco Conference held in June1945, the text of the UN Charter was drafted.
Fifty countries that had signed the UN Charter in San Francisco on June 26, 1945, had ratified it in their national parliaments. The United Nations officially came into being on October 24, 1945. Currently there are 193 member states.
United Nations Day is celebrated on 24 October each year.
The main purposes of the United Nations are to maintain international peace and security, in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural or humanitarian character, and in promoting and encouraging respect for human rights.
The actions of the United Nations are based on certain principles which states that all its members are equal and international disputes are to be settled in a peaceful manner.
The United Nations Headquarters is in New York City.