Unite Three Essay

563 Words3 Pages
1. Thirteen-year-old Ryan has begun to challenge many of his parents' values and to express his own set of highly idealistic standards. Compare and contrast the explanations for Ryan's behavior that would be given by Kohlberg and by Erikson. Kohlberg would explain Ryan's behavior in terms of moral development. Erikson would explain it in terms of cognitive development. Freud would explain it in terms of psychosexual development. Philip is growing up into a young adult, and he is starting to make decisions based on his beliefs and ideas. According to Erikson, Philip is in his adolescent years and tries out many different roles to find out which single identity he wants to become. Right now he is confused on his roles and who he wants to be. He is trying to have his own identity, and at the same time is going thru puberty, and is dealing with stress in school. At this age, Philip is worried about being judged and what people will think about him. Everyone acts different from one second to the next because everyone is trying to find their “self”. Kohlberg believes in part of Paget’s ideas, children’s moral judgments build on their cognitive development. There is a ladder of morals that Kohlberg believes everyone follows, no one skips a step. Preconvention, Conventional, and Post conventional. Philip would be at the Conventional step on the ladder. Conventional morality deals with early adolescence that cares for others and upholds laws and social rules simply because they are the laws and rules. 2. At age 30, Angela hesitates to commit herself to a lifelong marital relationship, primarily because she believes that the personalities of marriage partners often change in surprising and unpredictable ways during their lifetimes. What professional advice could you appropriately provide to Angela in light of the research on marital happiness and adult personality
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