Unit Hsc 024 Principles of Safeguarding and Protection in Hsc

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1.1 Define the following types of abuse: • Physical: Hitting, slapping, kicking • Sexual: Unwanted advances, indecent exposure, harassment • Emotional: Intimidation, blaming • Financial: Misappropriation of monies, not giving correct change • Institutional: Where a person is not treated as an individual • Neglect: Inadequate care, denial of basic rights 1.2 Identify the signs and/or symptoms associated with each type of abuse Physical Abuse • Injuries that are the shape of objects • injuries in a variety of stages or injuries that have not received medical attention • A person being taken to many different places to receive medical attention • Skin infections • Dehydration or unexplained weight changes or medication being lost • Behaviour that indicates that the person is afraid or avoiding the perpetrator • Change of behaviour Sexual Abuse • Sexually transmitted diseases or pregnancy • Tears or bruises in genital/anal areas • Soreness when sitting • Signs that someone is trying to take control of their body image, for example, anorexia, bulimia or self-harm • Sexualised behaviour • Inappropriately dressed Emotional Abuse • Difficulty gaining access to the adult on their own • The adult not getting access to medical care or appointments with other agencies • Low self-esteem or lack of confidence and anxiety • Increased levels of confusion • Increased urinary or faecal incontinence • Sleep disturbance • The person feeling/acting as if they are being watched all of the time • Decreased ability to communicate • Language being used that is not usual for the service user • Deference/submission to the perpetrator Financial • Sudden loss of assets • Unusual or inappropriate financial transactions • Visitors whose visits always coincide with the day a person's benefits are cashed • Insufficient food in the house
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