Please define the following types of abuse and list some of the signs and/or symptoms associated with each type of abuse HSC 024 1.1 1.2 Physical abuse Definition: Physical abuse can be anything from hitting, kicking and pushing to misusing medication, using inappropriate or rough moving and handling techniques. With holding medication or giving more than the prescribed does can be classed as abuse. Using restraints when not needed or as a form of punishment is also viewed as physical abuse. Lack of personal care such as being unclean or wearing dirty clothes. Being malnourished can be classed as physical abuse.
•Neglect is a passive form of abuse in which the perpetrator is responsible to provide care, for someone, who is unable to care for oneself, but fails to provide adequate care to meet their needs. Neglect may include failing to provide sufficient supervision, nourishment, medical care or other needs. 1.2Identify the signs and/or symptoms associated with each type of abuse: •Physical abuse when you have Bruises, pressure marks, broken bones, abrasions, and burns may indicate physical abuse or neglect. •Sexual abuse can be bruises around the breasts or genital area, as well as unexplained bleeding around the genital area, pregnancy, STI’s may be signs of sexual abuse. •Emotional/psychological abuse can be unexplained withdrawal from normal
Assignment 204 Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care Task A Physical abuse is where someone deliberately hurts or injures another person. Some examples of physical abuse are scratching, slapping, hitting, biting, restraint or inappropriate sanctions. Signs and Symptoms: unexplained bruises, burns or scalds, bite marks, broken bones, their behaviour may suddexnly change, become withdrawn, anxious, clingy, depressed, aggressive problems sleeping and flinching when approached. Sexual abuse is any non-consensual sexual contact, this can happen to men and women of any ages. This can include, rape, indecent exposure, inappropriate looking or touching, sexual photography, sexual harassment, sexual teaching or innuendos, or being subject to pornography or witnessing sexual acts.
Unexplained hair loss, significant weight loss, cowering or flinching. Feeling low, in pain or angry. Sexual abuse: Forcing an individual to behave in inappropriate sexual behaviour or take part in sexual activities these can include non penetrative as well as penetrative sexual acts and also forcing an individual to view inappropriate sexual material. Signs and symptoms include being withdrawn and fearful, disturbed sleep patterns, inappropriate dressing, genital infections, bruising around breasts or genitals, unexplained vaginal or anal bleeding, torn or stained underwear. Emotional/psychological abuse: Verbally abusing and swearing, threatening or invoking fear in an individual, devaluing self esteem causing feelings of worthlessness, bullying and exploitation.
Physical abuse is the act of violence on an individual that causes pain. A number of different signs can indicate that a service user is being physically abused. The main signs are physical marks or injuries such as bruises, burns and fractures. In addition to this the service users behaviour can change such as becoming more shy, hesitant quiet and withdrawn. Depression is a common consequence of being physically abused as the service user is normally too scared or vulnerable to speak up and ask for help.
Emotional/psychological abuse- Emotional abuse, mental abuse a form of mistreatment in which there is intent to cause mental or emotional pain or injury. This includes verbal aggression, statements intended to humiliate or infantilize, insults, threats of abandonment or institutionalization. Some signs of this are feeling of depression, withdrawal from social interaction, isolation from friends and family, low self-esteem, fearfulness, mood changes, self blaming, pessimistic behaviour, avoiding eye contact, aggressive behaviour. Financial abuse – Financial abuse can be any of the following- someone making you take your money out of the cash machine for them, taking money from you, borrowing money and never giving it back, stealing your belongings, someone getting you to sign something and you don't know what it is, someone taking your pension or other benefit, someone asking for money for visiting you socially. Signs of this are Unpaid bills.
2 The signs of abuse Physical abuse- bruising, cuts and scratches, pressure marks, broken bones and even burns . Sexual abuse- bruising around the breast and genital area as well as unexplained bleeding around the genital area, pregnancy, STI `s Emotional/psychological abuse- becoming withdrawal from normal activities, changes in behaviour and maybe depression Financial abuse- no money, food or clothes. Large withdrawals of money from the bank account, sudden changes in the will and the sudden disappearance of valuables. Institutional abuse- poor care standards, lack of response to complex needs; inadequate staffing and lack of choice, individuality. Self neglect- failure to take medicines, leaving cooking unattended, poor hygiene, confusion, weight loss and dehydration Neglect by
Soreness around the genital area, a sexually transmitted infection, unexpected pregnancy or change in normal behaviour for example a precoccupation with anything sexual. Emotional/Psychological This type of abuse is usually visiable in most types of abuse. It may be humiliating another person, treating them as a child or taking away their wishes or basic human rights. This causes immense suffering and effects their quality of life. The person may lose all their confidence and feel anxious and upset.
Can also be letting minors or vulnerable people view pornographic material. 2. Signs and symptoms Bruising in genital areas, changing in personality, panicking during personal care, screaming, and refusal of letting people do personal care. 1c. Emotional/psychological abuse Name calling, not showing the same amount of care towards a certain service user compared to others, withdrawing priveledges, removing choices.
-Self-Neglect is when someone is harming themselves whether being self-abusing (cutting themselves) neglecting their personal hygiene (washing and dressing) refusing to eat or drink. -Neglect by others is failure to provide basic necessary care, assistance and guidance to someone. 1.2 -Physical abuse the signs to look for are; unexplained bruising, cuts, scratches, sleeplessness, loss of appetite a sign of self-defence, depression and change in behaviour. -Sexual abuse the signs to look for are; unexplained marks, repetitive UTI’s, vaginal