The muscles pull and move the bones of particular joints which then make the joints move and in turn the body then moves. We must also remember that joints like the knee and the elbow have only limited movement and trying to push past this limitation can cause damage to the joints which will be painful. 2. Strokes can cause permanent weakness or paralysis on one side of an individuals body when this happens it is important to know which side has been affected by the stroke and how to move that individual without causing them pain. Individuals suffering from arthritis can often be left with stiff and painful joints and frequently have limited movement in the affect areas.
A few examples on what could have an effect are: * Physical health: feeling unwell with a fever leads to tiredness and can make you unable to do usual daily activities. * Learning disabilities: someone with a learning disability may take longer to learn an everyday skill. * Mental health:
Nerve fibres are delicate structures and can easily become damaged through poor moving and handling techniques. 1.2 There are a number of conditions that can have an impact on the correct movement and positioning of people. Arthritis People suffering with arthritis often have stiff painful and sometimes swollen joints and frequently have limited movement in the affect areas. Care needs to be taken when moving or positioning arthritic people, to reduce the possibility of causing pain and discomfort. You also need to be aware of the limited movement of arthritic joints and not attempt to move these beyond their limits.
Stroke. Stroke can lead to a permanent weakening down one side of the body . Amputees . Loss of a limb, be it either upper or lower can affect people ability to move independently so care must be taken to when moving people with amputated limbs. with all of the above following the correct moving and positioning assessment and communication with the individual is of vital
These might be; shoulders or shoulder blades, elbows, back of the head, rims of ears, knees, ankles, heels or toes, spine, tail bone and buttocks. Some of the factors that can put an individual at risk of developing pressure sores are poor nutrition or hydration, a health condition that limits the blood supply(diabetes and peripheral arterial disease) making the skin vulnerable to bruising and damage, poor mobility, age or urine or bowel incontinence. By using incorrect moving and handling techniques you are putting individuals at risk of damaging their skin. This can happen when individuals are moved into chairs as they may be unable to get out of them therefore leaving the individual sat on the same area causing
Unit 4222-250 1.1 Personal hygiene is important for many reasons firstly maintaining good personal hygiene will prevent your skin possibly breaking down and the complications that go with that such as it effects your health. Good hygiene could mean people feel more confident and are more likely to want to be sociable. Personal hygiene also helps people have a better self image. Good hygiene also prevents the spread of germs and illnesses to others. 1.2 The effects of poor personal hygiene can make people feel that they cannot socialise and this may make them try to withdraw from others, it may also make the person in question feel that they are not worthy and have a bad self image, people may even feel that they are ugly.
The skin then breaks and pressure ulcers form 2. The parts of the body most at risk of developing pressure ulcers are in direct contact with a supporting surface, such as a bed or a wheelchair. These might be: * Shoulders or shoulder blades * Elbows * Back of the head * Rims of ears * Knees, ankles, heels or toes * Spine * Tail bone (the small bone at the bottom of the spine) 3. Some of the factors that can put an individual at risk of developing pressure sores are: * Poor nutrition or hydration * A health condition that limits the blood supply(diabetes and peripheral arterial disease) making the skin vulnerable to bruising and damage * Poor mobility * Age * Urine or bowel incontinence 4. By using incorrect moving and handling techniques one might put residents at risk.
Assessment Task 3 – Independent research project Multiple Sclerosis Definition Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a disease of the central nervous system where messages between the brain, spinal cord and optic nerves are disrupted. Symptoms and effects include: Motor control problems such as muscle spasms, fatigue, continence problems, and constant pain. The strain of dealing with this condition can result in social and psychological problems for example depression. Other symptoms are cognitive dysfunction and can result in the person having difficulty maintaining a train of thought or keeping up with a conversation when there are too many topics being discussed, and respiratory dysfunction, which courses an impairment of respiratory muscles. (http://www.msaustralia.org.au/understanding-ms) Key Issues
A person who suffers from anxiety may avoid expressing him/herself due to the fear of making mistakes or being judged. Anxiety causes an overwhelming level of stress which negatively affects communication. 4. It can be tiring and emotionally draining and can lead to yourself becoming depressed. Outcome 2 1. internet,doctor,leaflets,library, friends and colleagues that have been in the same situation 2.
Back and neck getting up from problems, accidents or injury leading to long term disability, arthritis and any other condition affecting the joints, amputation, fibromyalgia, multi sclerosis, partial or total paralysis, cerebral palsy and head injury. Other conditions such as respiratory and cardiac diseases, epilepsy, diabetes, cancer can all have an impact on co-ordination, dexterity, strength, speed and stamina. Also when people grow older they have difficulty with mobility 1.3 People may have difficulty in moving around because of their age or health, some people may not want to be mobile as it causes them pain and discomfort, sometimes lack of mobility can cause other problems. Example chest infections, urine infections, swollen feet and ankles, loss of independence, deep vein thrombosis, depression. 1.4 People should be encouraged to do every day activities if they are able ie getting up from bed and walking to the bathroom, getting washed and dressed, going up and down stairs, going out for walks, they will be keeping their joints supple and are less likely to rely on other.