Unit 8 Psychology

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P1: Explain the principal psychological perspectives: Introduction: For this assignment I have to describe how the theories of classical conditioning can be applied in health and social care settings that deal with challenging or modifying behaviour. Classical conditioning: This is a theory which was originally developed by Ivan Pavlov in his experiments on a dog salivating when being shown food, it was discovered when the dog had learned the arrival of the assistant meant food was coming and so the dog salivated early (before even smelling the food.) from this experiment we can understand why classical conditioning is to do with reminder, some psychologists (evolutionary) say that some of the prehistoric phobias were survival related for example associating heights or oceans of water with death therefore creating the phobia of heights and water which make you avoid them in order to avoid death. In my opinion this makes sense, in the same way that animals and prehistoric hums would have avoided brightly coloured berries as they were poisonous. www.tatic.ddmcdn.com/gif/dog-training Applying classical conditioning to the health and social care sector: Like any behaviourist theory of learning, classical conditioning helps explain certain behaviourisms and why we do specific things that we do. For instance it can help explain why people have eating disorders due to a food aversion. Classical conditioning can also explain common fears of hospitals or dentists, addictions such as smoking or drinking and even sexual deviations. However classical conditioning can be used to treat these behaviours in various ways, such as: 1) Systematic desensitisation 2) Implosion therapy (flooding) 3) Aversion therapy Furthermore in health and social care there are many setting where classical conditioning is used to treat an illness, habit or fear such as
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