For a classification system to be useful it needs to be reliable. One problem is that of differential diagnosis, Bhui et al suggested symptoms of different mental disorders often overlap, exhibiting some symptoms of schizophrenia, e.g. major depressive disorder and schizophrenia both involve low levels of motivation. Therefore suggesting that there is no sharp dividing line between individuals with schizophrenia and those not suffering from the condition. Additionally, the existence of a disorder called Schizotypal personality disorder means that it is sometimes difficult to decide if a person has schizophrenia or schizotypal personality disorder further reducing the reliability with which schizophrenia is diagnosed.
An anxiety disorder is diagnosed if the persons response is not appropriate for the situation, if the person cannot control the response, or if the anxiety interferes with their normal functioning. Anxiety disorders include post traumatic stress disorder, obsessive compulsive disorders, specific phobias, panic disorders, generalized anxiety disorder and social anxiety disorder. Psychotic Disorder - Psychotic disorders involve distorted awareness and thinking. Two of the most common symptoms of psychotic disorders are hallucinations - the experience of images and sounds that are not real, such as hearing voices and delusions, which are false beliefs that the ill person accepts as true,
There are many symptoms falling into schizophrenia including hallucinations, delusions, thought disorders, movement disorders, and cognitive symptoms. “Voices” are the most common type of hallucinations and many people with this disorder hear many voices in their heads. Other hallucinations may include seeing people or objects that are not actually present and feeling things touching their bodies. Delusions, another symptoms of schizophrenia, are false beliefs are not part of their culture and do not change. Sometimes they can believe that they are someone else and may believe others are trying to harm them.
Depression Paper University of Phoenix Psy 270 unipolar depression and bipolar disorder are two mood disorders that are characterized by both having depression involved. Depression is a when a person suffers from a low sad state and usually exhibits significant levels of sadness, lack of energy, guilt, or related symptoms. Other than the common ground for depression there are many differences between the two. Unipolar depression is the mood disorder where only depression is present. Bipolar disorder not only has the presence of depression but shows instances of mania as well.
Parkinson’s disease; the brain changes caused by Parkinson’s disease begin in a region that plays a key role in movement. As the brain changes, the disease will begin to affect mental functions, including memory and the ability to pay attention, make sound judgements and plan steps needed to complete a task. Parkinson’s disease is a fairly common neurological disorder in older adults, estimated to affect nearly 2% of those over 65. Huntington’s disease; this disease is a progressive brain disorder caused by a single defective gene on chromosome 4. Symptoms of the disease include abnormal involuntary movements, a severe decline in thinking and reasoning skills, irritability, depression and mood changes.
Outline and evaluate the issues associated with the classification and/or diagnosis of schizophrenia (24 marks) Schizophrenia is a severe debilitating psychotic disorder that involves abnormal perceptions and thoughts. It has been described as a disintegration of the personality. The person loses insight and touch with reality thus failing to realise that they have a mental problem. It involves a range of psychotic symptoms where there is a break from reality. Crow (1980) distinguishes between two types of schizophrenia: Type 1 is characterised by positive symptoms were something is added to the sufferer’s personality such as auditory or visual hallucinations; Type 2 is characterised by negative symptoms where something is take away such as there is lack of emotion or limited use of speech.
Unit 29 – Applied Psychological perspectives for HSC P4 Explain two specific behaviors using psychological perspectives In this part of the assignments I am going to explain and describe two behaviors, these behaviors are depression and addiction. The first part of the assignment I am going to talk about depressions and what it is. Depressions is an illness that affects and individually mentally, depression is used and said in so many contexts, that any sad moment that an individual may have, they will automatically say or think ‘I feel so depressed’ when they are just having a bit of a bad day. Although the truth of depression is that when an individual is depressed, they will feel sad, low, hopeless, suicidal, guilty or worthless. In some cases these feelings can last for months
Psychotic disorders: are mental illnesses that are characterised by psychotic symptoms, which can generally be described as a loss of contact with reality. Substance related disorders: are disorders of dependence, intoxication, abuse, and substance withdrawal caused by various substances, both legal and illegal. Eating disorders: Any of a range of psychological disorders characterised by abnormal or disturbed eating habits such as anorexia nervous. Cognitive disorders: Are a category of mental health disorders that primary affect learning, memory, perception, and problem solving and include; amnesia, dementia and delirium. 1.2.
Alogia is the inability to speak because of mental deficiency, mental confusion, or aphasia (“Alogia”). Poverty of thought and poverty of speech associate because a person has to think of the things to say so that they can speak them. “Alogia is a negative symptom of schizophrenia, and can be characterized by brief and empty replies to questions. It should not be confused with shyness or reluctance to talk” If a person is lacking the ability to speak they are more than likely to repeat what others say because they do not have to think about it; this is called Echolalia and this is commonly found in persons with schizophrenia (Hasmi