Understand and enable positive interaction and communication with individuals who have dementia Different types of dementia affect communication in different ways. Alzheimers disease This is the most common form of dementia . during the course of the disease the chemistry and structure of the brain changes , leading to the death of brain cells . it typically begins with lapses in memory , mood swings and difficulty in word finding . later the person may become confused and may find it difficult to understand what is being said.
Alzheimer's disease affects the brain through exponentially greater cell death and tissue loss, resulting in a decreased brain size. As a result, behavior, memory and thinking are affected. Vascular dementia is caused by blockages and breaches in the brain's blood supply that damage the brain and can be caused by any condition which results in an interruption to the blood flow to the brain, and as well as strokes, this could include diseased arteries, heart attacks, high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, diabetes, furred arteries and irregular heart rhythms. Any condition causing damage to the circulation of blood to the brain carries a risk to mental functioning. People experiencing vascular dementia will, like those with Alzheimer’s disease, have problems with learning, remembering, recognition, planning and problem solving.
Dementia with Lewy Bodies can be closely related to Parkinsons Disease and there is a theory that Dementia with Lewy Bodies interferes with two neurotransmitters called dopamine and acetylcholine which assist in the brains functions. In Frontotemporal dementia – Picks Disease, the brain shrinks in the frontal and temporal lobes and a build of specific protein’s occur in these areas. Once the proteins come together, they become toxic and cause brain cells to die. It is not understood why these proteins build up. There are other dementia types too, namely Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD) caused by an abnormal infectious protein call Prion which cause nerve damage to
However, if you have depression symptoms that don’t clear up after a few weeks, the doctor will prescribe a stronger and more effective drug Paxil. Sometimes, even after your doctor has found the right drug or combination of drugs to control bipolar disorder, the doctor will recommend additional drug that will help control other symptoms in control. In addition to medication, psychotherapy, or talk therapy, for bipolar disorder can improve behaviors, communicate better with others, and keeping to a regular schedule for sleeping and eating. Electroconvulsive therapy or ETC may be an option if medications aren’t helping the patient, or when your symptoms are very severe or life threatening. Doctor call it the shock therapy, ECT involves putting you to sleep and sending electrical waves through your brain for about a minute.
It is caused by nerve cells dying in certain areas of the brain and the connections between the affected nerve cells deteriorate. As the conditions affecting only or primarily the neurons of the brain, causes gradual but irreversible loss of functions of these cells, Memory loss is one of the earliest symptoms of this disease. Vascular dementia is caused by damage to the brain through deprivation of oxygenated blood causing part or all of the affected area to die. (Series of strokes) Conditions that can cause
Understand the process and experience of dementia Definition of dementia is a syndrome usually of a chronic or progressive nature in which there is deterioration in cognitive function, thinking, orientation, comprehension, and calculation, learning capacity, language and judgement. Dementia is caused by damage in brain. The most common cause of dementia is called neurodegenerative diseases that include Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia, Huntington disease, Front temporal dementia and dementia with lewy bodies. With this disease the brain cell degenerate and die more quickly than normal ageing process, these decline a persons mental and some times physical abilities. The gradual changes and damage to the brain cells are caused by a build up of abnormal proteins in the brain.
Dementia is a collection of symptoms including memory loss, personality change, and impaired intellectual functions resulting from disease or trauma to the brain. These changes are not part of normal aging and are severe enough to impact daily living, independence, and relationships. There will likely be noticeable decline in communication, learning, remembering, and problem solving. These changes may occur quickly or very slowly over time. Common signs and symptoms of dementia include: * Memory loss * Impaired judgment
It is important to encourage to maintain independence. Know the most common types of dementia and their causes. 3.1) The most common causes of dementia are neurodegenerative disease where the brain cells die more quickly than normal which leads to a decline in the persons mental and physical abilities. Dementia can be caused by strokes, brain damage, old age, or it can be hereditary. 3.2) Symptoms of Alzheimer’s; Becoming more confused and forgetful, Mood swings, Becoming withdrawn due to loss of confidence, Having difficulty completing every
Retrograde amnesia is defined as the loss of memory from the point of injury backwards. For example, a victim of an accident resulting in head injury may not be able to recall the accident, and even worse, they may not be able to remember what happened several days before the accident. Those who suffer from retrograde amnesia usually have trouble remembering events that happened closer to the time of the injury. In the most severe cases, some victims may even forget who they are. Generally, this type of amnesia is temporary, and gradually restoration of memory is very common.
Alzheimer’s Disease Pre cal 1 Project Dec. 9, 2009 Alzheimer’s is a disease that affects the brain causing memory to be lost, also known as dementia. It gained its name from German physician, Alois Alzheimer, who was the first to diagnose the disease in 1906(Alzheimer's Association.) This is a disease which impairs the memory and other areas of the brain that have to deal with memory. Not only does it cause memory loss, it affects the ability to organize thoughts and reason, the ability to use correct language, and/or the ability to see the visual world accurately. Because of this, patients with the disease, in severe cases, may have a decline in their usual level of functioning (WebMD.)