Unit 7 Assignment On Alzheimer's Disorder Of The Brain

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Lesley Chubick PS124 Introduction to Psychology Alzheimer’s, Disorder of the Brain Unit 7 Assignment The mental disorder I chose for this assignment is on Alzheimers. Alzheimers is a form of dementia that is a disease that attacks the brain’s intellectual functions such as memory, orientation and calculation. This degenerative brain disease attacks one in ten men and women over 60. The question many of us have is what is Alzheimers, what is its effect on the brain and is there a cure? Being a degenerative disease Alzheimers attacks the brain through exponentially greater cell death and tissue loss which results in decreased brain size and brain activity. Because of this behavior, memory and the normal thinking processes are affected.…show more content…
In the earliest stages the same question can be asked several times with the patient never remembering the prior question being asked or answered for that matter. As time passes the gaps in memory become more prominent but a noticeable physical changes takes place. The patient gradually becomes clumsier, irritable with flash mood swings that can become more aggressive in later onset Alzheimer’s. In many cases the patient will not only feel as if they are in another point in time but can also feel as if they are in another part of the country; a place or moment that may have made them feel more comfortable. Another effect of Alzheimer’s is the formation of what is called “tangles”. Tangles are the collapsed protein’s that wraps around dying cells. The development of the disease destroys cell transportation made up of a type of protein called tau. Tau protein collapses, forming the tangles, preventing nutrients from exchanging through the cell transportation causing brain cell…show more content…
Treatments today consist of therapy that involves many different methods. One of the most popular treatments is medication that will change behavior and help slow the memory loss. On the other side of the same coin these drugs can create sleep problems where the patient becomes restless and unable to sleep at night. Some of the drugs prescribed are Cholinesterase inhibitors that help with cognitive symptoms. These work by preventing the breakdown of a chemical messenger in the brain called acetylcholine. Hormone replacement therapy is becoming more popular in recent studies. Some studies suggested that postmenopausal women who are taking hormone replacement therapy have a lower risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease. The email hormone estrogen is thought to help verve cells make connections and interfere with the production of beta amyloid. This is a protein that is the main component in the plaques that lead to Alzheimer’s
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