This shows that Alexander was ready to liberate Russia because even though it was risky, it helped to start the liberalisation process because it enabled ex-serfs to work in factories which would help boost the economy, let the gentry to earn their own money and would help advances in industry which in turn help Russia to compete with the western world. However the aftermath of this manifesto was a lot more negative than first appears. Although Alexander helped to abolish Serfdom there were a lot of negatives
Fewer workers could then be used on the farms and industrialisation could take place more rapidly by transferring more workers from the countryside to the factories. Unfortunately, Lenin's NEP was not achieving the results that they wanted. Stalin dubbed the NEP as an impediment to communism and had to be scrapped. This rapid industrialisation would also bring about two political results. Communist support would increase as the workers were the Communists' greatest supporters and remaining opposition would be eliminated, in particular the class of rich peasants, the kulaks.
The war had caused the USA and the USSR to become the new superpowers of the world. They had been allies in the defeat of Germany but with different ideologies, suspicions grew and conflicts began. The USA was democratic in that the public elected people from different parties whereas the USSR was a one party dictatorship where people could only vote for communists. This meant that everything was owned by the state and every one’s individual rights were closely controlled as they believed the most important thing was the good of society as a whole. This differs to the USA, who was Capitalist, which meant private individuals owned industry and kept the profits.
Welfare Liberalism Solves Social Ills For Great Britain The Industrial Revolution took a huge toll on Great Britain. For centuries people had lived in rural areas and the main way for production was agriculture. This shifted towards urbanization, where people began to move into cities in hope for job opportunities. Eventually the industrialization led to a higher standard of living for most and created new jobs and inventions to help further civilization. However industrialization also brought human suffering, unhealthy working conditions and pollution to the society.
The collectivisation of agriculture provided Stalin with the idea that further industrial growth was necessary in order to fuel the country’s economy and diminish the burden of Russia’s backwards nature. He wanted Russia to become self-sufficient and not have to rely on the West for anything so the first 5 year plan was established in the hope that changes could be made. It can be perceived that the first plan did not achieve a great deal but
However, this was not achieved through a policy of moderate reform, but instead it was the structure of the constitution itself which preserved the position of the ruling elites in the years leading up to war. Any reform that did occur during this period was mainly geared towards alleviating pressure from protectionist liberals and socialists, without passing anything that would threaten the political system too drastically. In this sense, reform was a tactic used to avoid large-scale discontent, the likes of which were seen in Russia in 1905. The Old Age and Invalidity Law amendment in 1899, which increased old age pensions and gave compulsory insurance to various work groups, and the Sickness Insurance Law amendment in 1903 could both be viewed as signs of generosity towards the working classes - a sign that some of the more vocal sections of the Reichstag were not being ignored. In fact, these moderate reforms were a means of keeping political order.
However, due to the Industrial Revolution, America began to stray from the vision the founding fathers had for the nation in the late 1700’s and 1800’s. Though social mobility was promised to immigrants and common Americans, these same people were often exploited and left in poverty. Founding fathers, such as Thomas Jefferson, valued farming above all else, but as industrialism took hold of America, farming became much necessary, and farmers more scarce. Finally, though America’s politicians promised to hear what the common people had to say, during and after the Industrial Revolution it seemed that only the very wealthy could make any sort of impact, and there was nothing to stop them from crushing the working class underfoot. The United States of America was built on the ideal that every man should be able to make his way in the world regardless of his family or class.
1920's Bolshevik Culture During the 1920s, the Bolsheviks were faced with the difficult task of helping their new regime survive and flourish despite all the difficulties that plagued Russia's economy and government. In order to further their program, revolutionaries proposed various compromises that constituted the New Economic Policies, or NEP. These policies allowed for a limited amount of economic competition, giving incentive for Russians to produce food and other goods. Additionally, the agenda of the 1920s did not ignore art and literature, and sought to incorporate the artistic avant-garde into an emerging 'Bolshevik Culture' that could be used to educate the populace. Eschewing bourgeois notions of art, the revolutionary leadership hoped to create a mass popular art that nonetheless did not condescend to its audience.
The impact of Lenin and Stalin's policies on the rights of the Russian people Stalin: The First Five- Year Plans (1928-1933) Stalin believed that a strong economy needed a strong country. He felt that industrialization was the key to achieving this strength and was convinced that the peasant class needed to accept socialism. Stalin preferred the economic policies of War Communism. He felt Lenin's New Economic Policy (NEP) had diluted socialism, but he was nervous about losing the support of the peasants who benefited from the NEP and wanted to unite them with the working class. The launch of the first Five-Year Plan and a collectivization drive dramatically reversed the NEP model.
How successful was Witte in solving the problems facing the people of Russia? Industrial backwardness was a major problem for the people of Russia as it affected the main source of income in Russia at the time. The techniques used for farming were far behind those used by western countries meaning that much less could be produced at a time. To try and help the problem, Witte introduced tariffs to protect Russian products and in turn limit the import of foreign goods. This was designed to protect the Russian economy in order to improve it.