Unit 58 Explore Models of Disability

519 Words3 Pages
Unit 58 Explore models of disability The Medical Model of Disability: The medical model views disability as a problem of the person, directly caused by disease, trauma, or other health condition which requires sustained medical care provided in the form of individual treatment by professionals. In the medical model, management of the disability is aimed at a "cure," or the individual’s adjustment and behavioral change that would lead to an "almost-cure" or effective cure. In the medical model, medical care is viewed as the main issue, and at the political level, the principal response is that of modifying or reforming healthcare policy. The medical model also gave people with disabilities credit suggesting they were experts in their disabilities. In essence, this model focuses more on the negative attributes of people with disabilities. For instance, it highlights that people need caring for, have trouble going out, and things which suggest their disabilities are the problems. Also, non-disabled people decided what kinds of lives people with disabilities should have in terms of, what school they should go to, where they should live, or whether or not they should be employed. As we can see, people with disabilities had little control over their lives according to the medical model approach. In the 1960s, people with disabilities were mostly shut away meaning that there was no real need to make buildings wheelchair accessible. The Medical model is misleading as it suggests that people with disabilities are patients who are ill and dependent on the medical profession. The Social Model of Disability: The social model of disability sees the issue of "disability" as a socially created problem and a matter of the full integration of individuals into society. In this model, disability is not an attribute of an individual, but rather a complex collection
Open Document