Unit 5 Reading Guide Question

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Denein Walker 4/13/14 Unit 5 reading guide question. 1. Which materials are stored in the bone? Calcium and phosphorus. 2. Which type of bone provides a large, flat surface area for muscle attachment? The flat bones are: the occipital, parietal, frontal, nasal, lacrimal, vomer, os coxæ (hip bone), sternum, and ribs. 3. Describe the location, composition, and function of the epiphyseal plate? Long end of the bone that contains growing bone. The epiphyseal plate is comprised of cartilage that reproduces rapidly to lengthen the bone, with the rate of new bone production outstripping the rate of bone destruction. These plates permit growth after birth, allowing the long bones of the body to extend and a person to grow as he or she reaches maturity. 4. Which kind of bone marrow is in spongy bone tissue? Medulla ossium rubra (red marrow). 5. Which ossification method would form a femur? Endochondral ossification 6. Why is bone remodeling necessary when a person reaches adulthood? Bone remodeling allows for new osseous tissue to replace older osseous tissue before deterioration sets in. It also allows for bones to heal and creates a stronger bone. It also restructures the bone extracellular matrix, where the shape of a bone is changed slightly, so that the bone can support more stress, be stronger, and/or thicker. 7. Which marking of the skull articulates with the first cervical vertebra? The occipital condyles is the oval process with convex surface on either side of the foramen magnum and it articulates with the first cervical vertebra (atlas) which allows a person to nod their head “yes”. 8. Which bone forms the inferior part of the nasal septum? The vomer bone forms the inferior part of the nasal septum. 9. How many bones make up the upper limb? There are 30 bones 10. Which part or parts of the femur articulate with the

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