Kayla McNutt Professor Williams English 1101-107 17 September 2013 The Obedience Test Stanley Milgram’s article, “The Perils of Obedience” focuses on the experiment he created to test society’s willingness to obey. In the experiment Milgram has one person who is a learner and another who delivers the shocks, the teacher. The focus of the experiment is on the person delivering the shocks because the “learner” is an actor. The learner’s role is to recite words to practice memorization. If he recites the words incorrectly the teacher has to administer a shock to the learner.
For every incorrect answer the 'teacher' had to increase the level of shock. Some participants refused at a certain point to continue, even when the scientist tried to convince them not to stop. But the majority went all the way. The participants did not know that both, the fake scientist and the 'learner', were members of Milgram's team and that the whole situation was staged. Variations in Milgram's experiment * Milgram replaced the scientist by a regular guy in plain clothes.
* For every incorrect answer the experimenter would order the ‘teacher’ to administer a shock increasing with every wrong answer. Even though the ‘learner’ complained of pain and demanded to be released the experimenter would insist the ‘teacher’ continue. * The learner was not being shocked, and his voice only a recording. * Results: Before his study Milgram asked a group of students to predict the result, he also introduced
The test was used to find out how much popular vote can affect a person to conform to the majority view. Milgram Experiment-the power of authority The Milgram Experiment was a word pair test in which Stanley Milgram wanted to determine how much an authority figure could influence an individual to go against their morality beliefs. Three distinct roles were portrayed in the experiment: the Experimenter, the Teacher, and the Learner. The only person that was unknowledgeable of the true test at hand was the Teacher. The Teacher and Experimenter were in a single room separated from the Learner.
Associate Level Material Appendix B Research Methods Matrix A psychologist is planning to conduct a study that would examine pathological liars and the quality of their romantic relationships. You have been asked to provide the psychologist with a recommendation for which research method should be used to gather data on the pathological liars and their spouses. Using the table below list each research method and its advantages and disadvantages for use in this study. Research Method | Advantages | Disadvantages | Naturalistic Observation | The behavior observed is likely to be natural, spontaneous, and varied.Provides new ideas and suggests new theories. | The behavior has to be taken as it comes.Each situation is only a one-time occurrence.Researcher could be bias.
Although the teacher did not know it, the learner was actually an actor pretending to be in extreme pain when given the electrical shock to persuade the teacher to want to discontinue the experiment (215). Before the test, Milgram asked people what their prediction of the experiment was, and most psychiatrists thought that the teacher would not obey the experimenter, and they thought that “only four percent would reach 300 volts” (217). The predictions were dramatically wrong. When the first experiment took
In “The Perils of Obedience”, Milgram was trying to prove a point that shows how far someone will go to be obedient to the authority. He began this experiment using three subjects: the experimenter, the teacher, and the learner, but only the teacher was clueless about what they were about to partake in. The teacher would read out a series of words, and the learner, who was strapped to an electric chair, was required to remember the words that were associated to each other (215). When asked, if the learner gave the wrong answer, the teacher was required to give them an electric shock of “fifteen to four hundred fifty volts” (215). Although the teacher did not know it, the learner was actually an actor pretending to be in extreme pain when given the electrical shock to persuade the teacher to want to discontinue the experiment (215).
Shawna McAnally Professor Spencer English 101-E102 4 September 2012 The Perils of Obedience In the article “ The Perils of Obedience”, written in 1963, Stanley Milgram, a Yale psychologist, explains the experiments he conducted to see how people would react when they would inflict pain on another individual. Obedience can be somewhat of a problem for people, when it comes to obeying a higher authority. The point of Milgram conducting these experiments was to show that obedience is stronger than moral and ethical conduct. The experiment he set up was to test human behavior on how one would react to obedience. Milgram’s experiment was taking two individuals – a teacher and a learner- and he would see how much the teacher would inflict pain upon the learner simply because he was following orders.
Assessment in Kindergarten Teachers are one of the first people students go through for knowledge. As a kindergarten teacher you want to make your students understand what they are doing, to do so, teachers need to assess for understanding. Teachers test students in a variety of ways. As a kindergarten teacher you want to assess students by making observations of what you see and also by saving paper works such as a portfolio to keep track of how they are progressing. There are three different methods used to assess student knowledge: diagnostic, formative, and summative.
I could not agree with that statement any more. We must look at what we’ve done in the past to better understand why we do the things we do today and how we even got to the position we’re in today. While I was reading this article I highlighted all the things that I disagreed with and all the things that I strongly agreed with. When I finished I went back to review the points and found that I had only highlighted one thing that I had disagreed with. Professor Kagan stated that “People seem to think that only nuclear weapons can thoroughly destroy a civilization, but when the Athenians got through with Melos, they killed all the men and sold all the women and children into slavery.