These factors consider the organisation’s team and reporting structure, level of support and commitment and the overall impact to the organisation. The factors are then quantified and prioritised based on these criteria then reviewed to ensure the projects do not exceed the organisation’s resource capabilities. The selection criteria may also include return of investment, risks and the time frame, PPM involves a strategic process that allows the decision makers’ to visualise and monitor the performance of each project by taking into account whether the project is performing or underperforming. PPM is gaining interest due to organisations abilities to respond to challenges confronted by a globalised, information-rich, dynamic and competitive environment. PPM has helped project officers negotiate between stakeholders according the to the organisation’s PPM status.
Then there are uncontrollable factors that are called environmental forces; these consist of technological, competitive, regulatory, social and economic forces. There are two diverse marketing environments called microeconomics and macroeconomics. Microeconomics is defined as an individual organization that directs its marketing activities and allocates its resources to benefit its customers (Kerin, Hartley, & Rudelius, 2013). Macroeconomics is defined as the study of the aggregated flow of a nation’s products and services to benefit society (Kerin, Hartley, &
Rebudgeting is needed to adjust programs and requires flexibility for management needs. Rebudgeting is a way to keep the budget active so it can adjust to ever changing social issues and circumstances. It brings to light a process that can assist government officials in providing the best services to their
It is important to review, measure and monitor any progress against the set objectives and have regular progress reports. After evaluating the process this will show if partnerships are having a positive or negative impact. For example ….. A positive effect * will show co-ordinated service provisions * a professional approach * clear understanding of role and responsibility Negative effects * will show miscommunication * timewasting * conflict between parties The impact professional partnerships within an organisation have on the services users should always be taken into account and their views and opinions of how they feel the partnership is working should also be included in the evaluation process. Asking service users to fill in questionnaires should do this. It is
Managing Time- A leader should be able to identify and differentiate between urgent and important issues. Sometimes a task maybe important but not urgent, while other times it can be urgent but not important. A leader is responsible to manage the flow of day to day operations and meet deadlines. Communicating Effectively – Being the main channel of communication between the team and the organisation, Leaders must possess outstanding communication skills in order to exchange information between team members on goal setting, task assignments, work scheduling, problem solving, providing constructive feedback, praise, discussions, addressing conflicts etc. A good leader should lead by asking questions, listening, and facilitating constructive communication to build trust and respect.
Outline how you, as an organisational leader, would gather information about continuous improvement needs and would contribute to and implement continuous improvement initiatives. Draft a memo to employees providing information about changes to plans and operations, the outcomes of continuous improvement efforts. Lastly, also consider customer service and feedback from customers that might contribute to identification of improvement opportunities. Include reference to the impact of change on individuals and groups within an organisation, risk assessment, risk management and techniques for successfully managing the different types of change. What actions would you take to ensure that employees in the organisation understood the need for improvement and were able to cope with the accompanying changes?
This process helps an individual understand how others perceive them. Feedback is essential to facilitating performance improvements. Feedback allows people to utilize their strengths to their advantage. Feedback informs employees which actions create problems for others and to know what changes may be needed. 360 Performance Appraisal: Uses Uses for 360 Performance Appraisal include: Employee Development Performance Appraisal Performance Management Training Needs Assessment Evaluation of Training Attitude Survey Organizational Climate Survey Customer Satisfaction Survey This process can also be a motivator of performance since it shows the employee that their opinions and views are considered important.
332 2.1 The Importance of Reflective Practice Reflective Practice is the opportunity to review what has been done, what worked well and what didn't work so well. From this you can identify areas that need to change or develop so as we can constantly strive to improve our teaching practice. Reflective practice can also be applied on a personal level so as we are better able to identify what we are doing well, how we need to improve or develop and how our knowledge and current practice may benefit the team within which we are working. Reflective practice can be carried out by keeping a reflective journal to record our experiences. Over time the information will give us a good picture of how our practice has developed, what we use over and over again that seems to guarantee results and where we are struggling.
And they understand the importance of reviewing and redesigning their structures on an ongoing basis. According to renowned management theorist Henry Mintzberg, an organization's structure emerges from the interplay of the organization's strategy, the environmental forces it experiences, and the organizational structure itself. When these fit together well, they combine to create organizations that can perform well. When they don't fit, then the organization is likely to experience severe problems. Different structures arise from the different characteristics of these organizations, and from the different forces that shape them (which Mintzberg calls the "basic pulls" on an organization).
The Career Plan Building Activities made me realize I have strengths in the areas of coping with pressure, delivering result, following instructions, and adapting to change. These strengths will help me to be an excellent leader and encourage employees to do their best to deliver positive results for the company. I will be able to handle any circumstance and make beneficial and effective decisions. I will have to make sure I am thinking critically when evaluating arguments. I know how to recognize fallacies and can judge the validity and credibility of the source.