Rachel Pearson Unit 13: Understanding the Process and Experience of Dementia Unit Code: DEM 301 Unit reference number: J/601/3538 Section 1 - Understand the neurology of dementia 1.1 Describe a range of causes of dementia syndrome? Dementia syndrome is a group of signs and symptoms, in which cause damage to cells in the brain. The most common causes are neurodegenerative diseases; this includes Alzheimer’s, Vascular, and Frontotemporal, lewy bodied, Creutzfeldt - Jakob disease (CJD) and Huntington disease. With these diseases the brain cells degenerate and die more quickly than the normal ageing process. This leads to the decline of a person’s mental health and sometimes physical abilities.
As the mass impedes on the brain or blood vessels, symptoms such as seizures and speech problems can occur. Epilepsy, classified as a brain disorder, occurs when a group of nerves in the brain generate abnormal electrochemical impulses. These impulses cause stroke-like symptoms including strange sensations, irrational behaviour, muscle spasms, convulsions and loss of consciousness. A hemiplegic migraine is a specific type of migraine headache that often runs in families. Migraines, throbbing pain in one area of the head, are often accompanied by nausea, vomiting and sensitivity to light and/or sounds, according to the Genetics Home Reference.
When individuals experience adverse reactions to medicines, seek medical advice, unless the reactions are so serious then an ambulance must be called and inform the workplace managers. All adverse reactions and full actions taken following advice must be recorded in full in the individual’s care plan, daily
Explain the risks and benefits of anti-psychotic medication for individuals with dementia When an anti-psychotic is used for more than 12 weeks they can cause a number of side affects. These side affects can include shakiness, sedation, unsteadiness, falls and blood clots. These risks can be overcome if the prescription is reviewed by the prescribing doctor regularly. There are however a number of benefits to taking the anti-psychotic medication. They can stop people from suffering from hallucinations and dilusions , they can help with depression and they also help people who suffer from mood swings.
This can occur following a stroke or a series of TIA’s which can then result in stopping the blood accessing the blood vessels. If the blood does then not reach the brain, the brain cells dying off. Fronto-temporal Dementia: Pick’s Disease: This is caused when the frontal temporal lobes are damaged. This is the part of the brain that controls our behaviour, language and emotion. When this area of the brain is damaged is can cause it can
An LHD-1 level a phenomenon known as ‘flipped LDH’, Is strongly indicative of a Heart attack. 6. What pathophysiology occurs during a myocardial Infarction? Include all four processes. Most Myocardial Infarctions are caused by a disruption in the vascular endothelium associated with an unstable atherosclerotic
A person’s own immune system attacks the myelin sheath that surrounds the axon of the nerves. Once the myelin sheath is damaged, the nerves cannot transmit signals properly. Nerve damage leads to muscle weakness, loss of reflexes, and numbing or tingling of the hands and feet. This is caused by the muscles loss of ability to respond to the brains commands. GBS is not often fatal but in rare cases people have died from GBS.
Cerebrovascular Accident By Mike Smith RADT153 Radiography Patient Care Cypress College Just what is a cerebrovascular accident (CVA) one might say? A cerebrovascular accident otherwise known as a stroke occurs when the blood supply leading to the brain is interrupted or reduced; causing the tissue in the surrounding area to become oxygen deprived, which can lead to brain damage. This can be caused either by a type of blockage, known as ischemic stroke or by a rupture in a blood vessel, a hemorrhagic stroke. There is also a condition called a transient ischemic attack, where the individual for a brief period of time shows symptoms that are similar to a stroke. About 85 percent of strokes are ischemic strokes (Stroke, 2014).
Stroke 1 Running Head: Stroke Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA) Christen Hall P. G. Community College April 2, 2008 Stroke 2 Cerebrovascular accident (CVA) is the medical term that is used for stroke or “brain attack”. A Cerebrovacular accident refers to the injury to the brain that occurs when the flow of blood to the brain tissue is interrupted by a clogged artery, causing brain tissue causing brain tissue to die, because of the lack of nutrients and oxygen (Yatsu, 2002). It is also a sudden death of brain cells in a localized area
It gave very useful information and outlined very critical components related to strokes. I like that it gave the signs and symptoms of a stroke and explained that medical attention is needed immediately because a medication could be given to lessen the effects or even reverse the potential damage caused by strokes. The only thing that could have been improved in the brochure is more detail about what to do if you have risk factors that could potentially lead to a stroke. It was stressed in the brochure to talk with your doctor who is very important, but it could have gone into greater detail about how to change lifestyle behaviors on your own, such as changing your diet, getting involved in more physical activity, and so