Unit 4222-366 Understand and Meet the Nutritional Requirements of Individuals with Dementia

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UNDERSTAND THE NUTRITIONAL NEEDS THAT ARE UNIQUE TO INDIVIDUALS WITH DEMENTIA 1.1 Describe how cognitive, functional and emotional changes associated with dementia can affect eating, drinking and nutrition Cognitive(thought processing) problems – affecting people’s memory, their ability to learn new things, their understanding, and problem solving ability Cognitive behaviour is dysfunctional emotions and behaviours caused by dis-functioning brain. Dementia is brought about by section of the brain being effected by the cells dying. This will effect, the memory and all that we have learnt from birth; how to talk, eat and function in a normal way becomes almost impossible. This means for the individual who has dementia that the means and importance of food can be forgotten or that they just forget that they are hungry or forget to eat what have been prepared. The same will apply to drinking. With older people who are prone to malnutrition and dehydration this can become more of a problem with Dementia putting their health at risk. Functional problems - affecting ability to carry out normal daily activities such as washing, dressing, and cooking meals Functional changes is losing the ability to remember how to eat or using utensils and drinking implements and instead might be better encouraged to pick up food buffet style or finger food. This might be as a way to overcome their loss of ability to function as they once did and rather than become distressed and confused they prefer to just pick up food. If this is preferred then to promote their dignity food presented for that function should be laid out. Emotional problems – affecting mood (causing depression and irritability) and social interaction with other people e.g. confusion can cause distress and aggression. Emotional Changes can be the negative emotions brought about from the confused state of

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