Rachel Pearson Unit 13: Understanding the Process and Experience of Dementia Unit Code: DEM 301 Unit reference number: J/601/3538 Section 1 - Understand the neurology of dementia 1.1 Describe a range of causes of dementia syndrome? Dementia syndrome is a group of signs and symptoms, in which cause damage to cells in the brain. The most common causes are neurodegenerative diseases; this includes Alzheimer’s, Vascular, and Frontotemporal, lewy bodied, Creutzfeldt - Jakob disease (CJD) and Huntington disease. With these diseases the brain cells degenerate and die more quickly than the normal ageing process. This leads to the decline of a person’s mental health and sometimes physical abilities.
DEM 201 – Dementia Awareness. DEM 201.1 - Understand what dementia is 1.1 – Explain what is meant by the term “dementia”. “Dementia are the signs and symptoms caused as a result of specific diseases such as Alzheimer’s or a stroke that involve the damaging of brain cells; as the brain cells die the person with a dementia will lose their ability to do things they are used to doing as different parts of the brain are damaged. Dementia affects both older and younger people and the decline in the person will get worse as more brain cells are damaged or die.” 1.2 – Describe the key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia. The main areas of the brain that are affected by dementia in terms of causing difficulties with their functions are: * Frontal Lobe – This is the part of the brain that controls behaviour, movement, personality and the interpretation of what is around us * Parietal Lobe – This is the part of the brain that controls the language we use, spacial awareness and recognition of places, objects and people.
The word dementia means a progressive deterioration of one’s mental functions due to damage to the brain. This goes beyond what might be expected due to the normal ageing process. Dementia can be caused by different factors and also can be mixed. Around 750,000 people have the condition in the UK and this figure is projected to double in the next thirty years (Department of Health, 2012), (Nursing Times 04.09.12/ Vol 108 No.36/www.nursingtimes.net). Alzheimers is the most common form of dementia, responsible for around two thirds of cases.
NCFE Level 2 Certificate in the Principles of Dementia care (600/6355/5) Unit 01: Dementia awareness 1.1 Explain what is meant by the term ‘dementia’. Answer: The term dementia' describes a set of symptoms caused by damage to the brain like confusion in a familiar place, loss of memory, changes in mood, and problems with thinking, reading, communication and reasoning. There are several types of Dementia. 1.2 Describe the key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia. Answer: The hippocampus this is the main area affected by Dementia it is responsible for memory forming, organizing and storing and emotions.
B – DEM 301 - Understand the process and experience of dementia As part of my role I am responsible for the procurement and contracting of services for Older People. The types of services that are procured can be varied and wide ranging. Understand the neurology of dementia 1.1 There are a wide range of causes of Dementia. Dementia may be brought on by one particular cause or sometimes a combination of conditions. Dementia is basically damage in the brain where there is a build-up of abnormal proteins which causes a decline in mental ability.
Explain what is meant by the term ‘dementia’ Dementia is a word that describes a set of symptoms that may include memory loss and difficulties with thinking, problem solving or language. This is caused by a specific disease such as a stroke or Alzheimers which damages brain cells and affects people of any age. Describe the key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia. Produce a diagram of the human brain and identify the key areas of the brain and their function. Using a different colour pen indicate where dementia effects the brain.
Unit 4222-237 Dementia Awareness Outcome 1 Understand what dementia is: 1.1 What is meant by the term ‘dementia’: The term 'dementia' is used to describe the symptoms that occur when the brain is affected by specific diseases and conditions. These include Alzheimer's disease and sometimes as a result of a stroke. 1.2 The key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia : Dementia is a condition of the brain which causes a gradual loss of mental ability, including problems with memory, understanding, judgement, thinking and language. In addition, other problems commonly develop such as changes in personality and changes in the way someone interacts with others in social situations. As dementia progresses, the ability of someone to look after themselves from day to day may also become affected.
Dementia Awareness Q1.1) Explain what is meant by the term ‘dementia’. A) Dementia is a term used to describe the symptoms that occur when the brain is affected by specific diseases and conditions. It’s a progressive disease that affected the brain’s cognitive functions. Q1.2) Describe the key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia. A) The key functions that are affected by dementia are vision, memory, hearing, language and learning, which the temporal lobe (bottom left front lobe of the brain) is responsible for.
Unit 533 - Understand the process and experience of dementia Learning outcome 1 - Understand the neurology of dementia 1. Describe a range of causes of dementia syndrome There are many different forms of dementia and each has its own causes. Dementia may also be a symptom that develops in the later stages of some illnesses. Some of the most common forms or causes of dementia include: • Alzheimer’s disease • Vascular dementia • Parkinson’s disease • Dementia with Lewy bodies • Huntington’s disease • Alcohol related dementia – Korsakoff’s syndrome • AIDS related dementia • Fronto Temporal Lobar Degeneration (FTLD) • Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Alzheimer’s disease Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia and accounts for between 50 and 70 per cent of all cases.
Unit 40: Dementia Care P1: Describe types of dementia and common signs and symptoms. What is dementia? Dementia is a common condition that affects about 800,000 people in the UK. Your risk of developing dementia increases as you get older, and the condition usually occurs in people over the age of 65. Dementia is a syndrome associated with an ongoing decline of the brain and its abilities.