Unit 4222-245 Understand the Context of Supporting Individuals

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Unit 4222-245 Understand the context of supporting individuals with learning disabilities (LD 201) Outcome 1 Understand the legislation and policies that support the human rights and inclusion of individuals with learning disabilities. Human Rights act 1998 , Equality act 2010 , Disability discrimination act 1995, Mental Capacity act 2005. Human Rights act 1998 - Improved the standards of care given to individuals with a learning disability, it gave individuals the right to life, right to privacy and the right not to be subjected to degrading or inhuman treatment. Equality act 2010 - Protects the rights of individuals and promotes equality for all, gives the right for all people to be treated the same regardless of race, age, sex or disability. Disability discrimination act 1995 - Made it unlawful for employers to discriminate against people based on a disability, it gave indeviduals a greater chance to live a full life and achieve what they would like to do. It also ensured that provisions for disabled people in employment are met. Mental Capacity act 2005 – Made sure that even if an individual wasnt able to make decisions themselves, they are protected by clear guidelines for those that make the decisions for them. It became unlawful for anyone to neglect or mistreat an individual who didn't have the capacity to make decisions themselves. Outcome 2 Understand the nature and characteristics of learning disability A condition making it difficult to gain knowledge and skills to the normal level expected of those of the same age. Also a reduced ability to cope independently. It affects the way some people understand information and how they communicate. A learning disabilities happens when the person's brain development is affected. A learning disability is a reduced intellectual ability with everyday activities. Examples of causes - -brain
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