Understand and enable positive interaction and communication with individuals who have dementia Different types of dementia affect communication in different ways. Alzheimers disease This is the most common form of dementia . during the course of the disease the chemistry and structure of the brain changes , leading to the death of brain cells . it typically begins with lapses in memory , mood swings and difficulty in word finding . later the person may become confused and may find it difficult to understand what is being said.
This causes a gradual decline in mental ability. The key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia are the temporal lobe, frontal lobe, parietal lobe, occipital lobe, cerebrum lobe and the hippocampus 3. Depression, delirium and age related memory impairment share a lot of the symptoms of dementia. For instance with depression their memory may be affected and they may find it difficult to retain new information, also it is quite common for people to become forgetful as they age. This may be why people mistake them for dementia.
Pariental lobe - this is the part of the brain that controls the language we use, special awareness and recognition of places, objects and people.Any damage to this area means that people may begin to lose the skills they once had. Occipital lobe - this is the part of the brain that controls eyesight and our ability to see. 3.Explain why depression, delirium and age related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia. Depression can sometimes be mistaken for dementia because with dementia a person’s behaviour and feeling of well-being can change and cause the person to appear withdrawn and this for example might be mistaken for depression. However, if the person is depressed then it could be the depression not the dementia causing them ill-being.
A person who is depressed can often show similar signs or symptoms to a person that has dementia. Depression can effect concentration, motivation, ability to manage everyday task and social withdrawal. Delirium is a toxic or acute confusion state which may be mistaken for symptoms or signs of dementia. Delirium signs and symptoms can be hallucinations and delusions, changes in perception, attention, mood activity levels. Severe confusion and
People who care for dementia sufferers may find that as the illness progresses they will have to start discussions to get the person to make conversation. This is common. Their ability to process information gets progressively weaker and their responses can become delayed. Impaired depth perception, loss of vision, loss of colour vision, loss of contrast sensitivity and hallucinations are all problems that may be associated with dementia. As a carer non-verbal communication will become important, body language, facial expressions, gestures, eye contact and tone of voice will have to be taken into account when communicating with a sufferer.
The memory impairment may result in lack of attention, forgetting language, forgetting names and identity of friends and relatives and lose of ability to solve problems. confusion another effect of dementia, and also disorientation in which the patient forgets the direction, the time (date, month and year) and everything about the self. 1.2 Describe the types of memory impairment commonly experienced by individuals with dementia: dementia is a condition of the brain which causes a
People's behaviour also changes because of their memory and being unable to remember how to behave. Someone with this disease will also witness loss of skills and they will feel that they have a lack of control. The affects will include a loss of dignity and identity and witness a lack of involvement. They
Unit 4222-365 Understand the process and experience of dementia (DEM 301) Outcome 1 Understand the neurology of dementia 1.1 Describe a range of causes of dementia syndrome Dementia is caused by damage to the brain this can be caused many different ways such as, alcohol or drug abuse, brain injuries, depression, infection (HIV, UTI), vitamin deficiency, certain medications. different types of dementia have different causes for example Alzheimer’s is caused because the body can no longer break down proteins efficiently which affects the transmission of signals in the brain. 1.2 Describe the types of memory impairment commonly experienced by individuals with dementia Memory loss affects people with dementia in different ways but there are four common areas which people with dementia experience difficulties, Remembering events Most individuals who have dementia can remember the distant past more easily than whats happened in the past few months, weeks, days, hours and minutes. This is because memories decline in reverse order making newer information harder to recall. Taking in new information People with dementia find it very difficult to understand and retain new information and events.
It is rare to have dementia in young people 1.2 Describe the types of memory impairment commonly experienced by individuals with dementia. The memory impairment may result in lack of attention, forgetting language, forgetting names and identity of friends and relatives and lose of ability to solve problems. confusion another effect of dementia, and also disorientation in which the patient forgets the direction, the time (date, month and year) and everything about the self. 1.3 Explain the way that individuals process information with reference to the abilities and limitations of individuals with dementia. People who
4.1 Depending on the form of dementia people abilities and disabilities will always be different. Not one person is the same with dementia as this effects each individual in different ways, also depending on which cause of dementia they have e.g vascular... 4.2 Good awareness of dementia and bad understanding of it