Well, it’s because the old people are growing old, which will cause them to have their reflexes react slower and their physical health change. Here, I would like to talk about should greater restrictions be placed on elderly drivers. My point of view? Well, YES! Elderly drivers should have restrictions.
D2- Evaluate the influence of two major theories of ageing on health and social care provision. I will talk about this particular topic using the 2 examples I have chosen in regards to theories of ageing influencing provisions, those are social disengagement theory and activity theory. Many of the elderly take very different approaches to ageing and some fit into categories of ageing theories such as the activity or disengagement theory. If they fit into these categories then they may deal with ageing in very different ways, they may wish to stay active or even disengaged due to depression or even due to the realisation of their own mortality as they get older. Depending on which theory the elderly may fit into, I can say for certain that they take very different approaches in terms of their thoughts and views on the ageing process.
When going through ageing, peripheral vision is decreased as the person may need to turn their head to see to the sides. The flexibility of the eye reduces and elderly people take more time to accommodate to changes in light. An elder person may have to give up on driving at nights and may have to place lights evenly around the room. When going through ageing the eye muscles and clouding of the lens degenerate. There are serious cases of vision impairments such as cataracts, glaucoma and blindness between 7% and 15% of older adults.
Challenges such as cancer, heart disease and cardiovascular illnesses can be extensive, some lasting even for years. Furthermore, the elderly are then faced with difficulty performing even basic tasks such as dressing, bathing and eating for themselves. As a result, these conditions often put the elderly in jeopardy for other psychological behaviors as well. A report by the Council on Scientific Affairs, American Medical Association (JAMA) (1996) outlines this in a compelling theory that in many cases, feelings of hopelessness, which most often will accompany alcoholism, may be more important than depression. Expert Dr. Y. D. Coble (1996) exemplifies this concept in a persuasive article written in (JAMA).
Functionality Paper HCS/433 When confronted with the sentence, “Often a loss function will begin a downward spiral in life of an elderly person affecting their independence and quality of life.” Makes one think of how each system, such as physical activity, nutrition, and cognitive abilities are all interlinked and when one system begins to fail how it can affects ones independence. In the following I will list the different activities of daily living or ADL, how the loss of ADL affects independence, what health conditions affects ambulation that in turn can affect ones independence. As well as to describe to what length a person can help prolong the decrease of function that starts the downward spiral in elderly life. ADLs’ or activity of daily living is range of what a person can perform independently on a daily basis. This includes bathing, dressing, grooming, oral care, toileting, transferring, walking, climbing stairs, eating, shopping, cooking, managing medications, using the phone, housework, doing laundry, driving, and managing finances.
Groups that have a higher risk of becoming vulnerable include, children, people with learning and physical disabilities, people suffering with mental health problems, chronically ill people and the elderly. Age concern (1986) defines vulnerability in the elderly as ‘people in need of some support, help and/or advice in order to prevent personal or social deterioration or breakdown. Without this their level of dependency on others or their ability to manage their lives as they wish, might deteriorate to the point of necessitating their removal to institutional care, which is not their preferred option and might otherwise be prevented or postponed (page 11).’ This statement is proven in my clinical experience. Whilst on placement on a busy acute medical ward, at a local hospital, I helped to care for an elderly lady, whom I shall refer to as Mrs Berry. Mrs Berry was 87 and had been admitted to hospital following a fall
With increasing health care and financial needs, and the changes in family and peer relationships, older adults have a difficult time with their self-esteem and acceptng their life in this final stage. There is hope, however, for the people in late adulthood. If they continue to remain active in social, political, and occupational settings, the will keep their sense and role in society. * * Social and Role changes * In the United States, there are negative views about growing older. “However, people in many other parts of the world think and feel positively about aging and assign a positive value and meaningful role to the aging members of their communities” (Williford, 1998, p.4).
Ageism is the act of people discriminating against others just because of their age. Most of the time people think ageism is just against the elderly. However, it can also be against young people as well. Basically you can be too old or young us some people's eyes. Ageism influences the presence of diversity in society by keeping the older people out of the workforce.
The better we are informed we are about aging and what to expect, the better we are able to evaluate and resist many of the inaccurate and negative stereotypes of aging. Listen to seniors, who have experienced ageism, they are in the best position to tell us how ageism affects their lives. It is very common for older adults to face discrimination in housing, health, and other key services. They may be treated as burdens on services, excluded from or simply refused admission to services. Learn