Unit 4: Principles of Safeguarding and Protection in Health and Social Care Essay

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Unit 4: Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care 1.1 Define the following types of abuse; Physical, Sexual, emotional/psychological, financial, self-neglect, neglect by others. - Physical abuse is any unwanted or intentional contact involving force. - Sexual abuse is any sexual action or pressure to make someone do something sexual without their consent. It can also include removing a person’s choice - like taking away the availability of birthing control or condoms, or forcing a person to perform a sexual action they are not willing to do. - Emotional and Psychological abuse can include a wide range of controlling behaviour without being physical, but causing emotional problems. - Financial abuse is where an individual is being controlled when it comes to their money. - Institutional abuse is poor care and or support, it can affect the whole care setting. - Self-neglect is where a person is failing to look after themselves properly. - Neglect is where a person’s physical mental or emotional state is affected by lack of necessary care and attention, there are two forms including active neglect and passive neglect. Active neglect is intentional, like withholding necessities such as soap or a toothbrush, and passive neglect is more unintentional so to speak, due to lack of knowledge or experience from a member of staff. 1.2 Identify signs and/or symptoms associated with each type of abuse Signs and symptoms of physical abuse include punching, scratching, kicking, biting, deliberate starvation or force feeding markings on the body, flinching, bed sores or rashes. Signs and symptoms of sexual abuse include inappropriate touching, genital bruising, bleeding from genitals, cowering, flinching, marks around the neck, wrists or ankles, being withdrawn or self-harm are also signs of sexual abuse. Emotional and psychological signs

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