The medical modal of health is the definition put forward by doctors and health care professionals and could be describe as the official definition. In this model, health is viewed as the ‘absence of disease’ and as ‘functional fitness’. Disease and sickness are explained within a biological frame-work that emphasises the physical nature of disease: in other word, the model of health is biologically reductionist. This definition of disease is based upon medical concepts developed over the last few hundred years, presented as the truth about how the body functions correctly, it assumes a state of health unless symptoms emerge that demonstrate a deviance of normality. It is also important to recognise that the concept of health is relative.
The Western scientific approach to medicine bases on these main features, focusing on the abnormalities in the body, biological factors explain the illness, it examines the cause of ill health through observations and tests, trained health professionals are the ones able to identify and treat the illness, emphasising different treatments medications and other interventions. Health care environments are appropriate places to undergo treatments and the model specifically states that illness is regarded as a temporary condition which can be reversed by the intervention of medical expertise. The bio medical model relates to the functionalist approach of health as it specifies that health is the absences of disease and it’s regarded as dysfunctional for the society as individuals cannot make positive contribution to the running of society. The model does not consider the social and environmental factors of ill health but relays on the scientifically methods to address and diagnose the illness if the illness cannot be diagnosed the individual would be labelled as malingering meaning one will be pretending to be ill for
Community Health Nursing Western Governors University HAT Task 4 Environmental and Global Health Issues Deanna Watson/DWATS13 10/26/2013 The study of epidemiology as defined by Webster is; “ 1. a branch of medical science that deals with the incidence, distribution, and control of disease in a population 2. the sum of the factors controlling the presence or absence of a disease or pathogen”. (Webster Dictionary.com) SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome), is a respiratory infection caused by a variant of the coronavirus which is in the same family as the virus that causes the common cold. Early signs of SARS begin with a fever greater than 100.4F, chills and rigors, sore muscles and fatigue, headache. Some of the cases reported diarrhea. The virus then progresses to lungs.
Epidemiology NUR 408 June 20, 2014 Karen Harriman RN, MSN, NCSN Epidemiology According to Stanhope epidemiology is considered to be the basic science of public health which involves “studying the occurrence and distribution of health-related states or events in specified populations, including the study of the determinants influencing such states, and the application of this knowledge to control the health problems” (2012,p.255). Epidemiologists’ goal is to keep all members of communities, local and global at their optimal health through studying the occurrence and distribution of diseases. It is through continued data collection, research and evidenced-based practice that these diseases and events are controlled. Prevention at the
Assess the extent to which health risks can be related to geographical features. Introduction A health risk is a factor that threatens good health, (Warn et al, 2009) it has a detrimental effect on human physical, social and mental wellbeing. The medical profession (BMA) recognises four categories of health risk: chronic (cardiovascular disease), infections (HIV/AIDS) genetic (cystic fibrosis) and traumatic (road traffic accidents.) Health risk equation: Health risk = incidence of risk (physical feature e.g. diseases and climate) + vulnerability (Human feature e.g.
For example, if a person was showing symptoms of a chest infection, the doctor would listen to their chest and send them for an x-ray to find out what has caused the problem rather than questioning their environment and housing conditions. The biomedical model is the dominant way of practising medicine in modern industrial societies such as our own. There are standards concerning the ‘normal’ functioning of the mind and body against which all others can be judged. The doctor then decides what the symptoms that the patient describes signify. On the basis of this a diagnosis is made and interventions decided upon.
Infection control precautions are a set of standard recommendations used to reduce the risk of transmission of infectious agents from body fluids or environmental surfaces that contain infectious agents. Infection control ensures patient and client safety, Patients have varying susceptibility to develop an infection after exposure to a pathogenic organism The higher likelihood of infection is reflected in vulnerable patients who are immune compromised because of age (elderly), underlying diseases, severity of illness, The outbreak of infection can be fatal if care is not taken; for instance an
Unit IV Epidemiology - “epi” – on,upon, befall - “demo” – people, population, man -“ology” – study of -The study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states in specified populations and the application of this study to control health problems. What is it? *Quantitative discipline based on the principles of research methodology and statistics. *Have made a significant contribution to the identification of risk factor *Distribution – how are cases of the condition of interest spread across a population differently by gender,age,geographic location, socio economic status, other features? *Determinants – what risk factors or antecedent events are associated with the appearance of a disease or condition?
It provides a person with a detailed database of a person’s subjective and objective data. A comprehensive health assessment of a person provides him with a broad knowledge of all possible physical, mental and emotional strength and weaknesses of that person. In case of any emergency or medical condition, these comprehensive health assessment data can be compared to the present ones to find any deviation from normal and gives an overview of the person’s coping power of the condition (Jarvis, 2012).Every person, including the healthy ones, should take the comprehensive health assessments. Some of these healthy individuals are reported with serious health problems like asthma, cancer, heart disease and possibility of strokes, after a comprehensive health assessment. This kind of basic medical assessment is very valuable for detecting early signs of any disease and monitoring of future changes in the condition.
Psychology of Health in the Workplace Diana Ayala HCA/250 September 22, 2013 Amy Foster Psychology of Health in the Workplace There is a distinct relationship between health and psychology due to a person’s medical history and its impact on behavior and wellbeing. Well-being is determined by the status of your health. In the 13th century, St Thomas Aquinas stated that the mind and body functioned in sync, grabbing the attention of other philosopher, leading to the discovery that microorganisms cause illness in the 18th and 19th century. (Sarafino, 2011) Lifestyle, dominated by biological and behavioral risk factors will determine risk factors of illnesses in a lifetime. For example, smoking and poor nutrition are responsible for