Unit 4 Glossary Health and Human Development

1265 Words6 Pages
Unit 4 Glossary Behavioural determinants Actions or patterns of living of an individual or a group that impact on health, such as smoking, sexual activity, participation in physical activity, eating practices. Bilateral aid Where aid is given by one country directly to another. An example of bilateral aid is when Australia provides aid to East Timor. Biological determinants Factors relating to the body that impact on health, such as genetics, hormones, body weight, blood pressure, cholesterol levels. Biomedical model of health Focuses on the physical or biological aspects of disease and illness. It is a medical model of care practised by doctors and health professionals and is associated with the diagnosis, cure and treatment of disease. Burden of disease A measure of the impact of diseases and injuries. Specifically it measures the gap between current health status and an ideal situation where everyone lives to an old age free of disease and disability. Burden of disease is measured in a unit called the Disability Adjusted Life Year (DALY). Determinants of health ‘Factors that raise or lower a level of health in a population or individual. Determinants of health help to explain or predict trends in health and why some groups have better or worse health than others.’ (AIHW, 2006). Determinants can be classified in many ways such as biological, behavioural, physical environment and social. Disability Adjusted Life Year (DALY) A measure of burden of disease, one DALY equals one year of healthy life lost due to premature death and time lived with illness, disease or injury. Emergency aid The rapid assistance given to people or countries in immediate distress to relieve suffering, during and after man-made emergencies such as wars and natural disasters such as flood, tsunami or earthquake. The term emergency aid can also be called ‘humanitarian aid’. Food
Open Document