Assessment task – CYPOP 1 Work with babies and young children to promote their development and learning Outcomes 1 and 3 – 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3 1.1 There are six aspects of development for children which are all linked, each affecting the others. These are; Physical development Intellectual development Language development Emotional development Social development Spiritual development In the first month of life a baby lies on their back. If laid on their tummy they will turn their head to one side. Towards the end of the first month they will be able to lift their head when in this position. They will turn their head towards light and shiny objects and are fascinated with the human face.
Your baby may also be aware of people they do not know display an awareness of stranger fear. Babies may even offer their toys to others. They may even become distressed as their mother leaves the room. Most babies at this stage are crawling which means they can get to places, people and objects they would like and are aware of other people’s feelings say if their sister cries they may become upset. Nine to twelve months Physical- your baby will now be on the move weather that is crawling bottom shuffling or even walking and will now be able to sit and lean to pick up objects.
| If the baby is pulled into a sitting position, the head will lag the back curves over and the head falls forward. | The baby’s hands are usually tightly closed. | | The baby reacts to loud sounds but by one month may be soothed by particular music | The first month Communication and language Development | Babies need to share language experiences and cooperate with others from birth onwards. Babies need other people from the start. | The baby responds to sounds especially familiar sounds.
Therefore using sound and smell they can recognise their mother. 5-9 months babies will reach for objects they would like to touch, and prefer to play with brightly coloured toys. They can also coordinate more for example they can work out what actions it takes to get the rattle from the floor into their mouth. They develop preferences in foods; they also understand that a bib means feeding time. 8-9 months babies understand that objects exist when they’ve gone out of sight they will look for them, this is called object permanence.
They can reach to hold their feet when lying on their backs, . A 6 month old should be able to look and reach for objects, and when holding an object; shake it or put it in their mouth. Between 6 months and 1 year a child will progress to rolling from their stomachs onto their backs, sitting; first with support them unaided for short periods of time and shuffle on their bottoms of crawl. Some children may miss the shuffling stage and crawl straight away. Children will respond to adults in more advaced ways than priror to 6 months, they will raise their arms to be lifted by an adult, turn and look when their hear their name called, and lean against adults to reach a standing position.
Social, emotional and behavioural development: In a baby’s first month, he/she can respond positively to main carer and copies and imitates facial expressions. At 6-9 months the baby recognises familiar faces and starts to show distress and anxiety when away from parent.
TDA 2.1 Child And Young Person Development 1.1 Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years, to include: - Physical Development - Communication and Intellectual Development - Social, Emotional and Behavioural Development 1.2 Describe with examples how different aspects of development can affect one another. Birth – 3 Months Physical Development: * From birth a baby’s reflexes allow them to turn their head to suckle when you touch their cheek. * The baby can flex their fingers, arms and legs. * By 1 month a baby should be able to follow a light with their eyes, if only for a short period of time. * From 4-8 weeks babies should be able to slightly lift their head when laid on their front.
Unit 201 – Child and young person development Outcome 1) Know the main stages of child and young person development 1.1 Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years. a) Physical development Between birth and 6 months an infant begins to develop a rhythm of feeding, sleeping and eliminating which may correspond with the primary care givers sleeping patterns. The infant will also gain control of eye movement and develop basic motor control so they will be able to balance their head, roll over, pull self to sitting and may briefly sit alone. This will help normal muscle development as the infant grows rapidly, doubling their birth weight. By 12 months the infant will be able to crawl and may be beginning to walk, they will use large objects, furniture and people to pull themselves to standing.
CYP Core 3.1 Understand child and young person development 1. Understand the expected pattern of development for children and young people from birth to 19 years. 1.1 Explain the sequence rate of each aspect of development from birth to 19 years. Social , emotional, behaviour and moral development Birth to 3 years Early from birth a baby can respond to touch and sound, will recognise a parent or carers voice and will stare at bright shiny objects. Even from a few months old they will smile and engage with their carer and by four months can vocalise by ‘babbling’ and ‘cooing’.
By 6 months they can roll onto their stomach from their back, push their head, neck and chest off the floor. Babies usually get their first tooth around now. They start to crawl, sit up and pass objects from one to the other. They will learn to pull themselves up using furniture and walk by holding onto things. Hand preference may start to appear.