Unit 4 Childcare and Education: E1, E2, D1

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UNIT 4: Keeping Children Safe In a childcare setting it is vital to maintain a safe and healthy environment. Five types of legislation that would be followed by a practitioner are: Health and Safety at Work Act 1974, Childcare Act 2006, Food Safety Act 1990, RIDDOR 1995, and COSHH Regulations 2002. The Health and Safety at Work Act of 1974: It provides essential information, training and supervision to enable safety of the environment. For childcare settings it ensures that policies and procedures are in place and that reports are made if anything unsafe occurs in the setting, for example using an accident book with accurate information. Play workers are responsible for ensuring that the provisions of the Health and Safety policy are adhered to at all times (http://www.admin.cam.ac.uk/univ/childcare/playscheme/policy/safety.html Last Accessed 20/10/13). They are required to take responsibility for their own health and safety as well as that of other people or children in setting. The Childcare Act of 2006: 14 National Standards applied to different childcare settings in England and Wales until September 2008. Ofsted is in charge of registering playgroups, childminders, nurseries, crèches etc, and ensures that all of these meet the standards. The standards then became a part of the statutory framework of the EYFS (England). Section 3 of the framework looks at welfare under five areas: Safeguarding and Promoting Children’s Welfare, Suitable People, Suitable, Premises, Environment and Equipment, Organisation, Documentation. The requirements of welfare in the setting affect most day-to-day practise, for example the adult to child ratios in rooms. In order to keep children safe from disappearing or being unsupervised there must be the correct number of adults in the room depending upon how many children there are. Food Safety Act 1990: The act is concerned with
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