Kidneys: A wide range of kidney diseases can occur in Alagille syndrome. The kidneys can also have decreased function. (1,3) [pic] One of the major elements of Alagille disease is malfunctions to the liver. Liver damage can be caused by abnormalities in the bile ducts. Bile ducts carry bile from the liver to the gallbladder, and bile is what helps to digest fats.These bile ducts may be limited and tight, so the bile gets trapped and will build up inside the bile ducts which prevent the liver from working to its best ability (1,3).
It is shaped like a loosely closed fist. It acts as a filter for the blood taking bacteria and other foreign organisms out of the blood helping prevent infection. However, it is possible to live without a spleen as other organs in the body partly take over its function. Life without a spleen? The main risk to health after a splenectomy is an infection such as septicaemia, as the blood is not being filtered as effectively as it should be.
Plasma and red blood cells transport substances to or away from cell. White blood cells and platelets are parts of the immune system. Blood plasma is mostly made up of water which is from respiration and is absorbed from the large intestine. Water can also be reabsorbed from the kidney. This is very important as this allows osmosis occurs in our bodies.
During exercise our body undergoes a lot of changes. We sweat to keep our body cool. We increase or metabolism to make sure we have adequate ATP for our muscles. We also increase respiratory rate to provide more oxygen for our body. When exercising the cardiovascular system has different functions during exercise , such as it delivers oxygen to working muscles, oxygenates blood by returning it to the lungs, transports heat from the core to the skin, it delivers nutrients and fuel to active tissues and I also transports hormones .
The study of all of these factors has advanced and become more prominent over the past years, thus giving us a better understanding on how they affect behavior. In this essay I have chosen to write about the endocrine system and how that can affect behavior. The endocrine system consists of glands secreting hormones into the bloodstream and affects the communication inside the body. Our character and bahavior depends greatly on our hormone balance. The endocrine system consists of mainly the pituitary and pineal glands in the brain, the thyroid and parathyroid in the throat, the thymus gland which is located near the heart, the adrenal and sexual glands.
Basophils are not well understood, but they function in allergic reactions. They release histamine; which causes blood vessels to leak and attracts white blood cells and heparin; which prevents clotting in the infected area so that the white blood cells can reach the bacteria. Monocytes
I believe that if the cutaneous membrane was damaged it would heal in time after all it is our skin and we know that in most people it heals with the help of red blood cells. The mucous membrane is different from the cutaneous membrane because the mucous membranes are found on the inside of the body. Mucous membranes line the urogenital tract, digestive tract and respiratory tract as well. If the mucous membranes get damaged the mucous cannot do its job by fighting off infection. The serous membrane lines the cavities in the body that secrete fluids such as the lungs, heart, stomach, and intestines.
Hydrogen peroxide is also a dangerous, very potent by-product of metabolism, so it is essential that it is broken down quickly, otherwise it would cause damage to cells. Hypothesis I believe that as the concentration of the hydrogen peroxide (substrate) decreases, the rate of reaction will decrease consequently. This is because there will be fewer collisions between the substrate and enzyme molecules (catalase in yeast) – because there are fewer molecules of hydrogen peroxide, so there will be a decrease in enzyme-substrate complexes formed. The reaction will then stop because all of the active sites become saturated with substrate because the enzyme is the limiting factor. This will result in a decreased volume of oxygen being produced as one of the by-products of this reaction.
But this is not the case once cancer will starts. The cells become abnormal and the old, damaged cells survive and continue to divide that may form into tumors. Many of the cancers form into solid tumors except for cancers of the blood. Cancerous tumors may be malignant, which can affect the surrounding tissues. Other cancer cells can metastasize on different parts of the body through blood and can form a new tumor.
The body’s immune system’s initial reaction when it discovers the new organ is to destroy it as it is seen as an unwanted object inside the body. The patient will have to take antirejection medication for their rest of their lives and even after taking that medication the body may still react badly to it and the patient might end up dying from it. The risks however are not just for the receiver, if the donor is a living person, the risks that come with this sort of thing include infection, bleeding and liver failure depending on what organ is removed. In rare