basics of alzheimer’s disease What it is and what you can do Basics of Alzheimer’s disease Alzheimer’s (AHLZ-high-merz) is a disease of the brain that causes problems with memory, thinking and behavior. It is not a normal part of aging. Alzheimer’s gets worse over time. Although symptoms can vary widely, the first problem many people notice is forgetfulness severe enough to affect their ability to function at home or at work, or to enjoy lifelong hobbies. Other symptoms include confusion, getting lost in familiar places, misplacing things and trouble with language.
Dementia is a disorder of the brain that causes a slow decline and loss of mental ability; these include problems with things such as memory, understanding, judgment, thinking and language. In addition, other problems can develop, such as changes in a person’s personality and changes in the way a person interacts with others in social situations. As dementia develops, a person's ability to take care of themselves from day to day may also become affected. Things such as Poor concentration if your concentration is affected then you wouldn’t notice things as much, and also you wouldn’t retain things as much as you would have done normally. Poor concentration can be a result simply because you are bored or tired.
NVQ2 unit 4222-256 Understand the impact of Acquired Brain Injury on individuals The complexity of the human brain means that the severity of effects of an injury can vary according to the extent and location of the damage. Brain injury can affect all aspects of personality and behaviour and as humans are all unique there is no way of knowing how an acquired brain injury will affect an individual person. The brain consists of a cerebral cortex containing areas which control different activities. Damage to a particular area can affect that activity. Strokes tend to affect a specific area of the brain, whereas a head injury due to a road accident usually involves more general damage.
People's behaviour also changes because of their memory and being unable to remember how to behave. Someone with this disease will also witness loss of skills and they will feel that they have a lack of control. The affects will include a loss of dignity and identity and witness a lack of involvement. They
1.1. Answer: Dementia is a term for the progressive disease of brain and describes a serious deterioration in mental function, as memory, language, orientation and judgement , The causes of dementia are still not fully understood. Research in dementia is an ongoing and to date number of types of dementia and their causes have been identified. The brain contains billions of cells, in dementia some of these cells stop working properly. Depending what part of brain this occurs in it will affect the way an individual thinks, remembers, walks and communicates.
misplacing objects or going to the shop and not remembering what was needed. Changes in behaviour, mood and personality can also affect someone with dementia, they may become moody and irritated quite easily, along with problems with day to day activities. Aggression and agitation may also occur which can be out of character, this can be very difficult for family and friends to cope with. 1.3 Explain the ways that individuals process information with reference to the abilities and limitations of individuals with
When something stops the cells from doing their job, this usually results in dementia. Dementia affects the key functions of the brain, depending on which area is affected. The frontal lobe is responsible for planning actions and learning new tasks, regulation of behaviour and motivation. A loss of nerve cells in the frontal lobe could result in: * Multi-stage tasks becoming difficult (such as making a cup of tea or cooking) * Perseveration (getting stuck) such as using the same word over and over again or unpacking all clothes when wanting just one piece of clothing * What may be seen as laziness * Becoming lethargic * Becoming violent or losing their temper
It is a syndrome (a group of related symptoms) associated with on going decline of the brain and its abilities which include: • Memory loss • Thinking speed • Mental agility • Language • Understanding judgement • Increasing difficulties with tasks and activities that require concentration and planning • Depression • Changes in personality and mood • Periods of mental confusion • Difficulty finding the right words There are many different forms of dementia and they can all affect the way a person communicates. Therefore, in time, an individual with dementia may have to find different ways of communicating and expressing themselves and their feelings as well as people around them adapting the way they communicate with individuals with dementia. This can become very frustrating for the individual and for others around them such as family, friends and care staff who have direct contact with the individual. Your non-verbal communication will become important, your body language, facial expressions, gestures, eye contact and tone of voice will have to be taken into account when you are communicating with an individual with dementia. You must be aware that there will be changes in the way you communicate with an individual with dementia and in some cases
There are different types of dementia. Dementing disorders can be classified in many different ways. These classification schemes attempt to group disorders that have particular features in common, such as whether they are progressive or what parts of the brain are affected. Dementia is diagnosed when two or more brain functions - such as memory, language skills, perception, or cognitive skills including reasoning and judgment - are significantly impaired without loss of consciousness. Dementia is a progressing disease that gets worst with time, for some patients it might take a while but
Nina 1 Dementia describes a group of symptoms that are caused by changes in brain function. Dementia symptoms may include asking the same questions repeatedly; becoming lost in familiar places; being unable to follow directions; getting disoriented about time, people, and places; and neglecting personal safety, hygiene, and nutrition. People with dementia lose their abilities at different rates. They are several neurologic disease for which dementia is the major symptom. They are called neurodegenerative disorder simply because they degenerate the nervous system .Alzheimer disease is by far the most common neurodegenerative disorder.The cause of AD are still very unclear.