Unit 307 Essay

886 WordsMay 6, 20154 Pages
Ai The Data Protection Act 1998 - The Data Protection Act controls how your personal information is used by organisations, businesses or the government. Everyone responsible for using data has to follow strict rules called ‘data protection principles’. They must make sure the information is: used fairly and lawfully used for limited, specifically stated purposes used in a way that is adequate, relevant and not excessive accurate kept for no longer than is absolutely necessary handled according to people’s data protection rights kept safe and secure not transferred outside the UK without adequate protection There is stronger legal protection for more sensitive information, such as: ethnic background political opinions religious beliefs health sexual health criminal records Data Sharing Codes of Practice 2011 (ICO) - This code explains how the Data Protection Act 1998 (DPA) applies to the sharing of personal data. It also provides good practice advice that will be relevant to all organisations that share personal data. The code covers activities such as: - a group of retailers exchanging information about former employees who were dismissed for stealing; - a local authority disclosing personal data about its employees to an anti-fraud body; - a primary school passing details about a child showing signs of harm to the police or a social services department; - the police passing information about the victim of a crime to a counselling charity; - a GP sending information about a patient to a local hospital; - the police and immigration authorities exchanging information about individuals thought to be involved in serious crime; - a supermarket giving information about a customers purchases to the police; - two departments of a local authority exchanging information to promote one of the authority's services; - two neighbouring

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