Unit 3: Racial And Ethnic Politics

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Unit 3: Racial and ethnic politics Key terms and concepts | Busing – the mandated movement of schoolchildren between racially homogeneous neighbourhoods, white suburbs and black inner cities, to create racially mixed schools in all neighbourhoods, | Quotes – a set-aside programme to benefit previously disadvantages minorities in such areas as higher education and employment. A certain percentage, quote, of places is reserved for people of the previously disadvantaged group. The supreme court found quotes unconstitutional in a number of decisions during the 1980’s and 1990’s. | Affirmative action – a programme that entails giving those members of a previously disadvantaged minority group a head start in such areas as higher education and employment. The term is often regarded as being synonymous with ‘positive discrimination’. Affirmative action is now required…show more content…
They believe that the constitution and both federal and state laws should be ‘colour blind’. The development of affirmative action * In March 1961, JFK created the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). This required that projects financed with federal funds ‘take affirmative’ to ensure that hiring and employment practices would be free from racial bias. * President Johnson issued an executive order requiring federal government contractors to take affirmative action toward prospective minority employees in all respects of employment. The Supreme Court and affirmative actions * Regents of the University of California V. Bakke (1978). University of California’s medical school in Davis reserved 16/100 places each year for minority groups. Allan Bakke, a white applicant, was rejected twice. In 5-4 decision, the court ruled that this constituted a violation of the equal protection clause of the 14th
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