Unit 28 – Introductory Awareness of Autistic Spectrum Conditions 1. - Types of difficulty that individuals with an autistic spectrum condition may have with language and other ways of communicating with others. There are various difficulties with language amongst individuals with autism. Some individuals are non-verbal, and have to rely on alternative forms of communication such as Makaton or PECs symbols. These methods of communication can be useful for building vocabularies of individuals with limited speech.
Introductory awareness of autistic spectrum conditions 1.1 Describe the types of difficulty that individuals with an autistic spectrum condition may have with language and other ways of communicating with others. The different types of Autism in the autistic spectrum are: * social interactions (ie people with autism would often find it difficult to understand others' mental states and emotions, and respond accordingly) * verbal and non-verbal communication The sort of problems that adults with Autism may have include one or more of the following: * Not being able to express themselves well. * Not being able to understand gestures, facial expressions, or tone of voice. * Saying odd things. For example, repeating your words back to you, time and time again.
1.1 describe the types of difficulty that individuals with an autistic spectrum condition may have with language and other ways of communicating with others The communication difficulties of autism vary from individual to individual. Some individual maybe unable to communicate verbally whilst others have an extreme vocab and are able to discuss un-depth areas of interest to them, some are able to communicate their needs and are able to express themselves whilst others need more visual methods such as pec’s or makaton. Expression of their needs can be very frustrating and they can only communicate this by shouting or screaming/challenging behaviours including self-harm. Individuals with ASD sometimes find it difficult or are unable to understand
Outcome 3 3.1 Explain what is meant by the term dysphasia Dysphasia is a partial or total impairment of language and ability to communicate. 3.2 Explain what is meant by the term dysarthria Dysarthria is a problem with speech caused by disturbance of muscular control. 3.3 Describe the communication challenges presented to the individual and the self by dysphasia Dysphasic individuals struggle to understand what people say and may forget parts of sentences or have difficulty understanding long or complicated sentences. They may also struggle to find the right words and express themselves. dysarthria Dysarthric individuals struggle to speak properly and may have hoars, excessively loud/quiet or nasal-sounding speech.
This makes conversation stilted and difficult to maintain. Then of course there is the problem of remembering people’s names which can become so dominating that the affected person does not listen
PTSD and the learning environment. People with PTSD experience a number of different learning difficulties. Many of the people with PTSD experience difficulties with remembering and the ability to recall. For example, it has been found that individuals with PTSD have severe difficulty with remembering words and their correct order, as well as difficulties remembering facts and other important information, such as appointments. Further more people with PTSD also have difficulties remembering specific details of past events, especially when it comes to specific traumatic events.
1.1 Analyse the defining features of autistic spectrum conditions and the impact on practice The defining features of Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD) can be grouped into three categories. The first of which is problems and difficulties with social interaction. Here individuals may have a lack of understanding of other thoughts and feelings. They may be unable to recognise social cues and thus find themselves in situations where others are made to feel uncomfortable. This feature can make it difficult for support staff to engage well with individuals, impacting on the level of support received.
It has been widely reported that autistic people have unusual sensory perceptual experience that may involve hypo- and hypersensitivity, fluctuation between different volumes of perception and difficulty interpreting a sense. Some of the perception difficulties for autistic people ; viewing thing literally without interpretation, delayed processing for example, phrases, words or sentences may take time to process. 5 The autistic spectrum describes a range of conditions such as; pervasive developmental disorders includes autism, Asperger syndrome, rett syndrome, childhood
Some of the symptoms of distress are mumbled/garbled speech or stammering, anxiety, anger, aggressive body language and concentrating problems. These are barriers that impact on effective communication, leading to misunderstanding on both sides. If you are the person in distress, you cannot hear or able to understand the whole picture because of the vicious cycle mentioned above. Individuals who are distressed will not be able to concentrate properly or focus fully, therefore their communication skills will be negatively affected. Whenever an individual becomes distressed they may experience the sense of "self" being compromised, as in low self esteem, effective communication may suffer as an individual feels withdrawn or stressed.
Many people who do not realize these dissociative experiences are greatly affected. Living life normally is very hard and for these people. Everyday life for them is different FROM those who are not dissociative. Dissociative states are very different from the outside world and thus can be very harmful to ones life which ultimately limits their perception of reality. CITATIONS Armstrong, Karen.