Unit 232 Move and Position Individuals in Accordance with Their Plan of Care

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Outcome 1 Understand anatomy and physiology in relation to moving and positioning individuals 1outline the anatomy and physiology of the human body in relation to the importance of correct moving and positioning of individuals An understanding of basic anatomy and physiology can help reduce the risk of harm to yourself or others when undertaking moving and handling procedures. In order to correctly move and position an individual without causing serious harm you need to use good body mechanics. You need to understand how muscles ,joints and bones work. If joints such as the knee or elbow are pulled, over extended or forced to move in the wrong direction it could cause serious harm to the individual. The human skeleton Is made up of 206 bones. The functions of the skeleton are to provide support, give our bodies shape, and provide protection to other systems and organs of the body, to provide attachments for muscles, to produce movement Joints A joint is the point where two or more bones meet. There are three main types of joints; Fibrous (immoveable), Cartilagenous (partially moveable) and the Synovial (freely moveable) joint. Fibrous joints Fibrous (synarthrodial): This type of joint is held together by only a ligament. Examples are where the teeth are held to their bony sockets and at both the radioulnar and tibiofibular joints. Cartilagenous Cartilagenous (synchondroses and sympheses): These joints occur where the connection between the articulating bones is made up of cartilage for example between vertebrae in the spine. Synovial Joints Synovial (diarthrosis): Synovial joints are the most common classification of joint within the human body. They are highly moveable and all have a synovial capsule (collagenous structure) surrounding the entire joint, a synovial membrane (the inner layer of the capsule) which secretes synovial fluid (a

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