How can you help the individuals to socialise at mealtimes? How do you prepare to handle the food? How do you prepare your clients to eat and drink? List the signs that a client may be allergic to a particular type of food. When would these signs present?
You should report the matter immediately and follow your organisations policies and procedures regarding reporting the matter e.g. note in care plan and report to your manager. This should then be discussed with the care team and medical staff responsible for the individuals care. 1.4 DESCRIBE HOW AND WHEN TO SEEK ADDITIONAL GUIDANCE ABOUT AN INDIVIDUAL’S CHOICE OF FOOD AND DRINK If you feel the individual is eating or drinking foods which will harm their health or if they are reluctant or refuse to eat food FOR EXAMPLE If an individual needs a diabetic diet or a weight reduction diet or gluten free diet or if an individual has a problem swallowing their meal or ignoring medical advice, you should inform your manager immediately the matter will then be discussed with the care team and medical staff involved with the individual’s care you are in the best position to notice how well a person is eating or if they are refusing foods listed in their care plan. By discussing with other members of the team and making them aware of the problems you will be able to accommodate their needs in the future planning.
For example dishes can be shown to a resident to help them make a choice. It is important to encourage an individual to eat a well-balanced diet and make choices for themselves. As well as supporting we should promote and maintain independence as often as possible. We also must actively support the resident to do as much as they can independently and encourage maximising their own potential: For example if they spill a drink pass them a paper towel and let them help clean it up by themselves. To resolve any difficulties we should give choices and let them decide, given more details about the food to help them choose and information needed.
The same will apply to drinking. With older people who are prone to malnutrition and dehydration this can become more of a problem with Dementia putting their health at risk. Functional problems - affecting ability to carry out normal daily activities such as washing, dressing, and cooking meals Functional changes is losing the ability to remember how to eat or using utensils and drinking implements and instead might be better encouraged to pick up food buffet style or finger food. This might be as a way to overcome their loss of ability to function as they once did and rather than become distressed and confused they prefer to just pick up food. If this is preferred then to promote their dignity food presented for that function should be laid out.
| Takes the health of the person on whole prospective, mind, body and soul. It includes the state of a person’s well-being and health rather than just medical illnesses/diseases. | It may prove quite difficult to get a person to change their daily routines in order to stay healthy. Some people are very stuck in their ways or may not want to change as they think what they are eating etc. is fine.
Another example of meeting an individual’s needs is ensuring the food you provide them with meets their needs, for example people from different cultural backgrounds tend to eat different foods. (Class notes 9/9/14) A client may not understand many ways of communication for many reasons such as; • Not being able to understand the language the professional is talking as they may be
Eating “low fat” and “heart healthy” foods can satisfy esteem needs. Level V - Self-actualization needs are the desires for self-fulfillment and the realization of the individual's full potential. Preparing and cooking a gourmet meal can satisfy self-actualization needs. Looking at this list of needs gives you a better understanding of how the human mind works and its desire to be “Human”. I
Digestive functions in humans is probably not something to which individuals are constantly attentive. The average individual will just enjoy a meal to satiate their appetite and maybe enjoy the flavors of the meal being consumed without giving much thought to the digestive processes that occur involuntarily within the body to sustain life. Without normal functioning of the digestive tract, many problems can present themselves and cause the individuals being affected to become more aware and attentive to keeping a homeostasis and maintenance in the presence of a pathological condition (which will be discussed later). A brief overview of normal digestive function will follow a straight forward pathway beginning with ingestion via the mouth where
With less food going through the intestine, the digestive system has an easier time of processing the food you take in. This prevents over stimulation of the colon and eases some of the discomfort that is common with IBS, such as bloating and gas. Smaller meals also keep your blood sugar even to avoid feeling tired and lethargic during the day. This gives you a sustained amount of energy and allows you to get through the day without feeling as though you need a nap. Smaller more frequent meals throughout the day also prevent overeating at meals which can also aid in weight loss.