3 – 7 Years At 3 years children begin to gain more independence. Their mobility and climbing skills will be advancing as they run, jump, catch, walk up and down stairs etc. Dexterity increases with small objects like puzzles, threading beads etc. Dressing and undressing will be assisted but more cooperative. They will be developing their gross and fine motor skills: Running, Jumping, Catching, throwing and aiming, building, climbing, pedalling, use of scissors, holding a pencil to draw and colour threading small beads sewing stitches etc.
Unit 331 understand child and young person development. 1.1 Sequence and rate of development is all dependant on the individual child/young person, their physical, communication, intellectual and social development is crucial to understand in order to help them. 0 to 3 years old babies are new to this atmosphere they use small muscle movements such as reflexes, sucking, smiling and raising their hands. By 5 months they begin to roll over and shuffle, at 8 months they pull and push on toys/furniture/anything and everything to stand and then glide using the same method of transport. At this stage they are now becoming more curious and want to play with toys, teeth are beginning to sprout and they are now eating solids.
TDA 2.1 Child and young person development Task 1 Physical Development Birth to one year Newborn babies can turn their heads to look for food, and once found they are able to suck and swallow. If you hold a baby upright with their feet on your lap or a surface of some kind they will make stepping movements. They will also stretch out their arms when they want to be picked up. As they grow, a baby’s determination to master movement, balance, and the fine-motor skills is very high. 1-3 Years By their first birthday, most babies have learnt the basics of movement and being mobile by either sitting, rolling, shuffling or crawling around.
3-7 years They start to become more independent by this stage by trying to dress and undress. Running, jumping, catching and climbing stairs will be advancing. Smaller things will become easier like jigsaws and threading. Also they will start to hold pencils and copy letters and shapes; they will be able to use scissors. Advancing into the latter half of this time, to kicking a ball with aim, jumping from height, riding a bike, skipping and joining in team games as confidence increases.
1-2 years: Children will begin walking and toys will start to be pushed/pulled along whilst walking (often to support with walking) Objects will be picked up and banged together or built to make a small tower. A preference for one hand may start to appear as they begin to hold tools such as paintbrushes.They enjoy trying to feed themselves both with finger foods and with cutlery, and will drink from a cup using both hands. 2-3 years: Holding tools to mark make will become easier, a child is able to kick and throw (e.g a ball) and an understanding of toileting will be apparent. 3-4 years: Children will be able to use the toilet with no more use of nappies during the day time, dressing/undressing will be easier and use of muscles will be shown through climbing,catching,jumping,skipping etc. Children will begin to draw pictures of family, friends and everyday situations (Usually people being represented by circles or lines) 5-6 years: Children will be able to draw numbers letters and practice writing their name.
In the second year most children will start to walk on their own, they will enjoy climbing on furniture, walking up and down the stairs. In this year of development they will start to use their preferred hand. children will start to feed themselves, and attempt to dress themselves. By the third year they will be able to walk and run more confidently, and should now be able to feed themselves and use cups. They will start to expolre toys, and be able to pedal a bicycle with stabilisers, they will have more control holding and using crayons to draw and turn pages in a book.
They will be trying to lift there heads up and will be kicking and waving their arms about and will be becoming more alert.will now support their own head and will be rolling about they will beging to sit with support and will now start to use the Palmer grasp and pincer grasp.9-18 months they will now be holding a cup and trying to feed themselfs and will be more mobile climbing stairs with supervision but will need help to get back down. They will need a safe environment in which they can explore as they become increasingly more mobile.18 months to 2 years at this age they will have started to use the potty but may have difficulty in staying clean and dry.there fine motor skills have improved they will be able to build block towers and will bend down to pick things up they will be trying to run but will have difficultly in stopping . At the age of 2-3 they will be ables to come down the stairs one step at a time they will also now be climbing well on apparatus and kick a ball, learn to jump and maybe somersault.
They will start losing teeth so it’s good to explain them to keep them clean. Reading at this stage is more improved. They like to challenge themselves with puzzles and games. Teenagers 13 years old will start physically changes in their body, so it’s important to check on the child to be sure there isn’t something happening in the life like bullying. We need to answer them that even if they changing they are normal and in time they will be the person they meant to be.
By age 1 they will have developed more detail in what they can see so will be able to tell the difference between given food and given a play toy. They are also much more independent as beings and should be able to sit alone and will begin pushing themselves off of objects into a standing position but their balance will not sufficient enough for them to be walking just yet. This however, will develop further over the next year because by age 2 most infants will be able to walk and will be feeding themselves. They will also have begun making marks on paper and will begin to show their preferred hand. At this age they will also enjoy picture book as being read to.
Children will move more confidently, pedal a tricycle, kick a ball and throw. They will be able to thread large beads. By 4 fine motor skills will have improved to include cutting around objects with scissors. 4-7 years. From 4-7 years a child will able to control a pencil, form letters, copy shapes and write more fluently.