Unit 204 Safeguarding Leaflet

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There are 7 different types of abuse in a health and social care setting and unfortunately, it is happening all the time. The different types are listed below, followed by an explanation of each along with signs, symptoms and what to do if you suspect abuse. • Physical abuse • Sexual abuse • Emotional/psychological abuse • Financial abuse • Institutional abuse • Self neglect • Neglect by others What is abuse? Abuse is a violation of a person’s human and civil rights by another person and can take many forms. Abuse can be carried out by anybody: care staff, friends, acquaintances and even a person’s own family and children. Physical Abuse The non-accidental use of physical force to coerce or to inflict bodily harm. It often causes physical discomfort, pain or injury, but the person doesn’t have to have an injury to have experienced physical abuse. Hitting, slapping, pushing, kicking, burning, giving medication that may harm and disciplining in an inappropriate way is just a few ways to physically abuse a person. Possible signs and symptoms of physical abuse are: • Fractures • Bruising • Burns • Pain • Marks • Not wanting to be touched Physical abuse in older adults may also include: • Tying them to furniture • Using or misusing physical restraints • Forcing them to remain in beds or chairs • Forcing them to remain in rooms (including locking them in) Sexual Abuse Direct or indirect sexual activity where the vulnerable adult cannot or does not agree to it. Sexual abuse can happen to all ages, including the elderly and is a way that a person tries to have control over someone and has nothing to do with consenting sex between adults. It is another form of physical and emotional control of one person over another person. Possible signs and symptoms include: • Genital itching, soreness or having a sexually transmitted disease • Using
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