Signs of physical abuse in adults are: bruising, particularly in well-protected and covered areas, burns - including friction burns and scalds, unexplained hair loss, significant weight loss, etc... Symptoms include feeling low, angry and in pain. 2. Sexual abuse is when a person is forced or tricked into taking part in any kind of sexual activity. When sexual contact is non-con-sensual, it is an abuse.
Kelly Iles Unit 205 Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care Outcome 1 1.1 And 1.2 Abuse of vulnerable adults can occur in many different forms in our society. They are usually classified under five main headings: Physical abuse: * hitting * slapping * pushing * kicking * burning * giving medication that may harm * disciplining in an inappropriate way The Possible signs of this are: * fractures * bruising * burns * pain * marks * not wanting to be touched Sexual abuse: * direct or indirect sexual activity where the vulnerable adult cannot or does not agree to it The Possible signs of this are: * genital itching, soreness or having a sexually transmitted disease * using bad language * not wanting
It may be physical, sexual, or emotional. Deliberate neglect or a failure to act is also abuse, as is a vulnerable adult persuaded to enter into a financial agreement or a sexual act to which they have not given or cannot give informed consent. Abuse can take many forms, and is usually classified under five main headings. Physical Sexual Psychological Financial Institutional PHYSICAL ABUSE Physical abuse can include: Hitting, slapping, pushing, pinching, force-feeding, kicking, burning, scalding, miss-use of medications or restraint, cauterisation for the convenience of care staff, refusing access to toilet facilities, leaving people in wet/soiled clothes/bedding, Signs of physical abuse include: Multiple bruising or finger marks, fractures, scratches/cuts, pressure sores/ulcers/rashes from wet/soiled bedding/clothing, explanations not consistent with the injuries, deterioration of health without obvious cause, withdrawal, carers resistance to allowing people to visit, reluctance the service user to be alone with the alleged abuser. SEXUAL ABUSE Sexual abuse whether of adults or children can also involve abuse of a position of power.
Assignment 204 Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care Task A Booklet Describe in your own words what is meant by the following types of abuse: * Physical abuse Physical abuse can be described as hitting, punching, kicking, pinching, biting, pulling hair and slapping. The identifying signs are identified by unexplained injuries that is consistent with bruising and cuts to bodily parts. Symptoms could include withdrawing from any form of touching or flinching when attempting to touch, fearful, loss of sleep. * Sexual abuse Sexual abuse is any form of abuse of a sexual nature, including sexual exploitation, touching inappropriate places for no reason and rape. Identifying signs could be swelling, redness, cuts, bruising tenderness and infections of the genitals or possibly infections of the mouth, blood stained underwear or torn underwear.
Cowering, flinching and weight loss are also common, Physical abuse is related to Emotional/psychological abuse there are further signs and symptoms there. b. sexual abuse With sexual abuse there is normally one party who is in a position of power this could be anyone to the victim, a family member, care worker, friend, they use their position of power to their advantage to assert their influence over the victim, it is common for there to be an age difference and the person in the position of power to be older than the victim. Sometime the victim is not even aware of what is going on and it may not be until after that they fully understand the implications of what has happened. A few examples of sexual abuser are; penetration of any body part with an object, finger or a penis, sexual
2. What are the types of child abuse? There are five main categories of child abuse. They are Sexual Abuse, Physical Abuse, Psychological Abuse, Neglect and Domestic Violence. All of these types of abuse can happen to all children and young people.
It can occur at home, in a hospital or skilled nursing facility, or on the playground. It also affects individuals in both heterosexual and homosexual relationship, as well as individual with or without disabilities. Abuse can happen anytime and anywhere and can be perpetrated by strangers. Family members are the most frequent abusers and abuse most commonly occurs in the home. The Faces of Abuse.
Physical abuse is “the use of physical force that may result in bodily injury, physical pain, or impairment.” It may include but isn’t limited to hitting, pushing, shaking, kicking, pinching or burning. Signs and symptoms include: bruises, black eyes, open wounds, cuts or punctures and any untreated injuries in various stages of healing. Fractured or broken bones, sprains, dislocations, and internal injuries along with signs of being restrained are also signs. Findings of medication overdose or under use of prescribed medication, the individual reporting being mistreated, a sudden change in behaviour and the caregiver's refusal to allow visitors to see the individual alone are also signs of potential physical abuse. Sexual abuse is any sort of non-consensual sexual contact; Sexual contact with any person incapable of giving consent is also considered sexual abuse.
Emotional abuse In emotional or psychological senior abuse, people speak to or treat elderly persons in ways that cause emotional pain or distress. Verbal forms of emotional elder abuse include • Intimidation through yelling or threats • Humiliation and ridicule • Habitual blaming or scapegoating Nonverbal psychological elder abuse can take the form of • Ignoring the elderly person • Isolating an elder from friends or activities • Terrorizing or menacing the elderly person Sexual abuse Sexual elder abuse is contact with an elderly person without the elder’s consent. Such contact can involve physical sex acts, but activities such as showing an elderly person pornographic material, forcing the person to watch sex acts, or forcing the elder to undress are also considered sexual elder abuse. Neglect or abandonment by caregivers Elder neglect, failure to fulfill a caretaking obligation, constitutes more than half of all reported cases of elder abuse. It can be active (intentional) or passive (unintentional, based on factors such as ignorance or denial that an elderly charge needs as much care as he or she does).
Lastly a reluctance to be left alone with the abuser. (ii) Sexual abuse Sexual abuse involves sexual activity which a person (adult) has not consented to or been pressured into. All form of sexual activity with children is abuse as they are under the age of consent. Sexual activity which takes place when the adult is unaware or has the capacity to be aware of the consequences or risks involved. Rape, sexual assault and masturbation plus sexual harassment are further forms of sexual assault.