Give examples of how to support carers and others to support an individual with dementia in the final stages of their life Unit 656 Understand the impact of the ageing process on older people. 1.1. Describe changes that may come with ageing. 1.2. Explain how the experience of the ageing process is unique to each individual.
Functions that are affected by dementia are; Short term Memory loss, Language skills, the ability to interpret information, spatial skills, judgement and attention. These are all affected with the different types of dementia due to which part of the brain is affected. Depression, Delirium and age related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia as the individual may present with similar signs and symptoms to dementia. To ensure weather these conditions are dementia or not a full assessment needs to be carried out by a qualified doctor. The medical model of dementia sees dementia as being degenerative with no cure.
Impairments of cognitive function are commonly accompanied, occasionally preceded, by deterioration in emotional control, social behaviour, or motivation. The syndrome occurs in Alzheimer’s disease, in cerebrovascular disease, and in other conditions primarily or secondarily affecting the brain’. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK55480/ The social model of dementia were as the medical mode is more about the medical side of things the social model is more about the person and how the illness affects them. The social model of care is to understand the emotions and behaviours of the person with dementia by placing him or her within the context of his or her social circumstances and biography. By learning about each person with dementia as an individual, with his or her own history and background, care and support can be designed to be more appropriate to individual needs.
As a patient’s cognition and hence functional abilities for decision making is impaired in dementia, a patient may or may 7 Ethical Issues in Dementia 48 not possess adequate decision making capacity to make an informed choice. 3. A diagnosis of dementia per se, however, does not automatically imply a loss of decision making capacity, which is specific to each patient and to each medical decision. Therefore, those who cannot comprehend complex situations may still possess the capacity to make simple decisions, or to convey their opinions regarding the burdens and benefits of ongoing treatments. 4.
Mr Lusk is a seventy eight year old male who has been admitted to hospital because of wandering, Mr Lusk’ wife has reported progressive memory loss and an inability for him to perform daily tasks like shopping. Mr Lusk was given a mental status exam which did show problems with memory, insight, orientation, judgement and language skills which may help in the diagnosis of Dementia. This essay will define what Dementia is and also investigate the signs and symptoms that Mr Lusk has presented with and ways in which health organisations would be able to help Mr Lusk and his family deal with his illness. 1. Discuss the deficits Mr Lusk has presented with.
What are some of the issues that older people face when residing in a residential care facility? How can you help lessen the impact of these issues? Loss & grief Depression Change in relationships and role. Failing health Emphasis of quality of life and P.C.C 3. What are some common stereotypical beliefs about ageing?
Dementia Awareness 1.1 Explain what is meant by the term Dementia Dementia are the signs and symptoms caused as a result of specific diseases such as Alzheimer’s or a stroke that involve the damaging of brain cells; as the brain cells die the person with a dementia will lose their ability to do things they are used to doing as different parts of the brain are damaged. Dementia affects both older and younger people and the decline in the person will get worse as more brain cells are damaged or die. 1.2 Describe the key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia The main areas of the brain that are affected by dementia in terms of causing difficulties with their functions are: 1) Frontal Lobe – this is the part of the brain that controls behaviour, movement, personality and the interpretation of what is around us 2) Parietal Lobe – this is the part of the brain that controls the language we use, spacial awareness and recognition of places, objects and people. 3) Occipital Lobe – this is the part of the brain that controls eyesight and our ability to see 4) Temporal Lobe – this is the part of the brain that controls our speech, hearing and memory 1.3 Explain why depression, delirium and age related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia Depression can sometimes be mistaken for dementia because with dementia a person’s behaviour and feeling of well-being can change and cause the person to appear withdrawn and this for example might be mistaken for depression. However, if the person is depressed then it could be the depression not the dementia causing them ill-being.
Once a diagnosis of dementia has been made, a family has to learn ways of coping with dementia. B. Physician treating the person with dementia can be a valuable source of information on what the family can expect as symptoms progress. C. Regular family meetings can help clear the air before things reach a breaking point. III.
1) Introduction:- The author will purpose on “Exploring the importance of standard of care for dementia regarding staff training”. Explicit information on how the literature search was complied would be given, while specific materials that were chosen or excluded for that purpose would be shown. And also detailed list of reference consisting of up-to-date information and the literature involved would be obtainable. For clarity purpose the topic of this assignment is “care for dementia patient”. According to Alzheimer’s Society (2013) people’s activity of daily living (ADT) are not met and also are
Unit: Dementia Awareness This unit must be assessed in accordance with Skills for Care and Development’s Assessment Principles. Learning Outcome 1: Understand what dementia is Assessment Criteria 1.1. Explain what is meant by the term ‘dementia’ Dementia is a term used to describe a range of signs and symptoms that occur when the brain is affected. Chemical and structural changes in the brain damage and kill brain cells, dementia is a progressive disease and this simply means that the symptoms will gradually get worse. Neurons and synapses become damaged by dementia they may be unable to carry messages that tell a section of the brain what to do.