The possible explanation for this improvement is due to EMG biofeedback can make the patient feel more in control of the pain since there be a way to influence and thus reduce the pain levels. EMG biofeedback assisted core stability exercise programme strengthen the back muscles thus reducing the disability percentage. A similar study done by Ahmed H et al. (2013), on efficacy of electromyography biofeedback training on trunk stability in chronic low back pain also showed a significant improvement in endurance and pain. It thus provides visual feedback to the patient exercise performance in the form of maximal voluntary contraction of para vertebral muscles during exercises.11 On the other hand Group A also showed significant improvement in levels of pain and disability.
During exercise our body undergoes a lot of changes. We sweat to keep our body cool. We increase or metabolism to make sure we have adequate ATP for our muscles. We also increase respiratory rate to provide more oxygen for our body. When exercising the cardiovascular system has different functions during exercise , such as it delivers oxygen to working muscles, oxygenates blood by returning it to the lungs, transports heat from the core to the skin, it delivers nutrients and fuel to active tissues and I also transports hormones .
It carries energy around the cell to where it’s needed. ATP is synthesised from ADP and inorganic phosphate (Pi) using energy from an energy-releasing reaction e.g the breakdown of glucose in respiration. The energy is stored as chemical energy in the phosphate bond, the enzyme ATP synthase catalyses this reaction. ATP diffuses to the part of the cell that needs energy. Here it’s broken down back into ADP and inorganic phosphate (Pi).
| Lift weights as many times as possible. | Increased metabolism, reduced fatigue, fewer injuries. | Flexibility | The measure of the range of motion, or the amount of movement possible, at a particular joint. | Develop a stretching routine. | Helps you deal with stress better and keeps joints from hurting so much.
In addition to ATP, cells have another high-energy phosphate molecule that stores energy, phosphocreatine (PC). With this system, as energy is released from ATP by the splitting of a phosphate group, the cells can prevent ATP depletion by reducing PC, providing more energy from ATP. This process is rapid and can be accomplished without any special structures within the cell. Although it can occur in the presence of oxygen, this process does not require oxygen, so the ATP-PC system is anaerobic. During the first few seconds of intense muscular activity, ATP is maintained at a relatively constant level, but the PC level declines steadily as the compound is used to replenish the depleted ATP.
Respiration is often summarised as: ‘glucose + oxygen react to form carbon dioxide + water (+ energy)’. Criticise this summary and give a more detailed account of the respiratory process. The first point to be noted is that this is only a summary (accurate or otherwise) of aerobic respiration. A similar summary for anaerobic respiration could read: Glucose is broken down to form carbon dioxide + Ethanol (in plants) or Lactate (in animals) (+ energy) Aerobic respiration is in fact a highly complex metabolic process comprising of at least 30 steps. There are 3 main processes that comprise respiration: glycolysis; the Krebs cycle; and the respiratory chain.
Way sodium excretion affects pressure can be described as follows: if the kidney requires high pressure to excrete a given load of salt, then, at lower pressures, sodium and water are retained, and the blood volume rises. An increased blood volume returns more blood to the heart, thereby increasing cardiac output. The increased output is sensed by the peripheral vessels, which do not like increased flow and constrict in response, and auto regulation increases arterial resistance. The reverse occurs when the pressure rises: more salt and water are excreted, and that lowers blood volume, which reduces cardiac output. Sensing lesser flow, arterioles auto regulates by dilating, which reduces peripheral resistance.
Their main benefit is increasing recovery, and these activities also add to the overall health of the muscles. This article will not only discuss the many ways in which a warm-up, stretch and cool down program is important, but it will also provide some methods to warming up, stretching and cooling down and some useful tips on how to do a proper but time-efficient warmup! While it will focus on warming up for a hardcore hypertrophy-inducing workout with weights, this article will also give methods of warming up for other activities such as athletic activities, a strength workout, or an endurance workout, and methods for a cool down and stretch that will maximize recovery and progress! An Injured Bodybuilder Can’t Gain Mass! An injury is the last thing any
Introduction When the oxygen supply runs short in heavy or prolonged exercise, muscles obtain most of their energy from anaerobic process called glycolysis. Yeast cellls obtain energy under anaerobic conditions using a very similar process called alcoholic fermentation. Glycolysis is the chemical breakdown of glucose to lactic acid. This process makes energy available for cell activity in the form of a high-energy phosphate compound known as adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Alcoholic fermentation is identical to glycolysis except for the final step.
(10 points) The catabolic cycle called glycolysis is the most universal energy-producing metabolic pathway for organisms that live on or near the earth’s surface. a) Stage I glycolysis actually consumes ATP. In which steps is ATP converted to ADP and how is the phosphate group used? b) Stage II glycolysis produces some ATP directly and also reduced NADH. How are these electron carriers reoxidized in anaerobic bacteria?