How Children Learn to Read and Write. “Between the ages of four and nine, children have to master 100 phonics rules, learn to recognise 3,000 words with just a glance, and develop comfortable reading speeds approaching 100 words a minute. He must learn to combine words on the page with a half-dozen squiggles called punctuation into something – a voice or image in his mind that gives back meaning.” (Paul Kropp,1996) “Play is a valuable tool for learning,” (Sigrid Perez, executive director of Play Pilipinas). Every skill that children acquire is based on their play talent. Play is the work of children – through play and interaction, children learn how to walk, reach, talk, listen, read, and write.
According to “ Importance of Pretend play/ Scholastic.com” Imaginary play builds language skills, cognitive skills and social and emotional skills. Toddlers enjoys dramatic play as they love feeding the baby, cooking dinner or cooking in the kitchen and acting out as adults. Objects involved in dramatic play helps children make sense of the everyday events, behaviours and the roles of other people around them. ( Birth to big school. Pg – 309).
Within the early months a child will make eye contact and be able to turn their head to the smell of their mothers breasts, they will listen to voices, develop co-ordination, they enjoy colourful and shiny objects they should also be able to play simple games such as peek-a-boo. By age two a child will be amusing themselves with “pretend” play and favourite toys they have, by age three their concentration grows and they are able to control pencils and paintbrushes, at age four their memory will develop quickly, and should be able to build things with
The children in my class love the rodeo and the theme I picked is perfect for all of them. The kindergarten class (ages five and six) will need to have learning centers to help them learn the basics of their A, B, C’s and to learn how to play nicely with other children. Cognitive The writing center will help with learning their vocabulary, how to create, and how to draw and place words and pictures. Two or three students will work together to make a poster or a sign for a birthday, parent or some other event. They will need to go through the magazines, old Christmas, birthday, or valentine cards for a picture to go with the event and then work at what the poster or sign is to say.
They should be able to point to some named objects in a book and know parts of their body. At the age of 2 years a child will enjoy pretend play and acting out from their own imagination. 3-5 years: At the age of 3 years a child should developed intellectually enough to copy circle drawings and draw people with a head. They will use a large paint brush and be able to recognise two or three primary colours. The imaginative play should continue and will become more complex.
At that age children can also use fine motor skills such as using a knife and fork , drawing using a crayon but they use (pincer grip). Reference http://www.markedbyteachers.com/gcse/health-and-social-care/describe-the-expected-stage-of-social-development-of-children-aged-4-years.html Four-year-olds can usually play happily with other children, your child is learning to understand about the feelings and needs of others, and can feel sympathy for others.At this age, your child will be organising games and making friends, he can share toys and take turns at least some of the time. D2) Describe the expected stage of social development for children aged 5 years At 5 years old the expected stage of development is to understand rules, they can easily understand yes and no and understand basic demands. They can also understand feelings and ask you how you are feeling, they are also very comforting towards others. At 5 years they can also hide a lot of feelings and show a lot of feelings.
The “child’s play” that goes on in the toddler class is an opportunity for children to create, discover, and experiment. When play is supported and allowed to emerge, the toddler begins to learn about a variety of concepts that lead inevitably to intellectual curiosity and development. The Toddler class engages students in activities that promote development of the following skill areas: Creative: The art area is a wonderful opportunity for children to express their imagination and individuality, and it also develops fine motor skills and reading fundamentals in the process. Children learn to identify shapes of letters in personal drawings, differentiate foreground and background (i.e. learn about color by mixing paint, talking with the teacher
Another thing to point out is that there’s evidence of visual perception, because there’s about twenty toddlers and pre-school ids playing around, and Kelsey tended to look at the kids. 4. Is there any evidence of habituation? Yes, there is evidence of habituation, the caregiver gives her a wood plastic toy, then Kelsey gets tired of playing with the toy, and then grabs a stuffed animal, and when she gets tired, she then grabbed a book and started sucking on it.
As a mother and teacher I have always been fascinated with how children learn. When my own two children were small (birth to 5 years) I realised that the way they learnt was through playing. Educational and stimulation toys and objects were used to stimulate their learning. I remember the sheer delight on their faces when they were playing and the enjoyment and fun while they were playing. Lots of people have different definitions of play, and it’s value, for example, Froebel (as cited in Curtis & O’Hagan, 2003, p. 113) believe play develops from within the child, but the presence of the adult and provision of appropriate material nurture it.
Unit 4 – Children and Play D1. – There are three types of settings where children play. The three different types of settings that I have chosen where children could play are an after school club this is where children go after they finish school if parents are at work or either they would like to do different activities., nursery school this is where a child goes before they start school and a childminders this is where a child goes to stay with someone while the parents are at work. D2. - The age range for an after school club is around 4-11years.