Unit 2 Dementia Research Paper

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CT242 Understand the Process and Experience of Dementia Dementia is caused by damage to the brain cells. The causes vary depending on the disease. Dementia is an umbrella term used for a range of diseases that affect memory, behaviour and motor skills. The four most common types of dementia are; Alzheimer’s disease – the ability to do simple daily tasks declines so that a person eventually cannot perform activities such as eating and using the toilet independently. Their behaviour can also change as the condition progressively worsens. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common type of dementia and is characterised by plagues and tangles in the brain structures that lead to the death of brain cells. Vascular disease – this dementia type…show more content…
The main cause of dementia causing an increased fluctuation is as the condition progresses, their capabilities and capacity of understanding will decline over time. Other causes are that the individual may be experiencing difficulties with understanding their night and days, this leads to the person becoming fatigued/tired during the day due to not sleeping properly. This fatigue level can affect their cognitive abilities, social skills, co-ordination and become more confused with tasks. As an individual’s condition deteriorates they will become less in control of simple things, such as their continence. This can cause fluctuations in the person’s behaviour as perhaps they are frustrated and embarrassed that they can no longer take care of their own personal care needs. This can cause understandable distress. Communication may not be structured correctly for the person, which causes confusion and lack of understanding as they are unable to comprehend what is expected of them. Infections, change of medication, change of environment, pain and stress, anxiety, depression, mental health issues, loss of independence, loss of companionship, change of circumstances can all play a part as to why their abilities and needs may fluctuate. Lastly, an individual may be experiencing a type of abuse, from someone around them. Whether it be physical, mental, institutional, sexual, financial, verbal or

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