Unit 1 – Child and Young Person Development 188.8.131.52 There are 3 stages of development in children which are Physical, Communication and Intellect and Social, emotional and behavioural. 0-3 Years – Physical development in this age group is accelerated. In the first year a baby will go from having very little control over their bodies to having some mobility such as crawling and rolling. Their movements at this stage are mainly focused on sucking and grasping. In a babies second year a babies physical development will continue and develop quickly.
From birth through to adulthood children continually grow, develop, and learn. A child’s development can be measured through social, emotional, intellectual, physical and language developmental milestones. In general, child development progresses from head to toe. Beginning at the top of the body and gradually moving downwards from inner to outer. Firstly gaining control of muscles close to the head and then moving outwards so the large muscles in the shoulders and upper arms/thighs are first and the extremities last from simple to complex; children progress from simple words to complex sentences from general to specific; emotional responses involve the whole body in young babies but may involve only the face in an older child It is important to understand how children develop physically, socially, emotionally and intellectually and to know that all areas of development
E1- Describe the development of children in a selected age range and in 2 areas of development. Physical Development: Physical development is important for 3 reasons Allows new learning to take place Allows further development-build on skills already perfected Enhances confidence/self esteem 0-6 months Babies learn how to control their muscles and movements. Baby’s development of fine motor skills can be watches hands and plays with fingers, clasps and unclasps hands and can hold a rattle for a moment. Its development of gross motor skills are, lifts head and chest up and waves arms and brings hands together over body. By one month, a baby can turns its head from side to side when lying on the back or belly, and can move its hands and arms.
Allowing for the newborn to have many interactions with both their parents and other newborns will start the development of their social and emotional skills. When it comes to physical development, babies quickly develop muscle tone and by three months, most can raise their head when lying on their stomach and can open their hands and suck on their fingers (Spock, 2001, p.102). Their eyes can track a moving object and they are beginning to recognize faces. By seven months, an infant will reach for an object, sit up, roll over, babble and begin to show an interest in a mirror image. By their first
Developmental Process Presentation JCH Developmental Process Presentation There are many noticeable physical and mental differences between early childhood (2-6 years old) and middle childhood (6-10 years old). In early childhood their language and communication skills start to develop quickly. The child will begin to learn new vocabulary, the correct use of language in social settings and their grammar has noticeable changes. Even with all these advancements that are taking pace, it is still noticeable that these children are just in the beginning stages of learning as compared to children in middle childhood. In middle childhood children have already developed a set of language skills.
Understand child and young peoples development. 1.2) Explain the difference between sequence of development and rate of development and why the difference is important. Sequence of development is some thing that the child has to develop in order - for example they learn to recognise words before being able to attempt saying that word themselves or a baby has to learn to sit up and support their own weight before being able to crawl. The rate of development is the speed at which the child develops a skill. Some children’s rate of development is a lot faster then others, for example some babies learn to walk at 10 months while others don’t start walking until they are over a year old.
Physical Development: From birth a baby will start its development journey. At first a baby will lay on their back, then start lifting their head and kicking and will become fascinated by their own fingers and hand movements. By six months old, a baby can grasp objects, transfer them from hand to hand and as their head control is much improved, it becomes inevitable that with any object held, an attempt to put it in their mouth will be made. Mobility starts around the 9 month stage, starting off as rolling then progressing to shuffling, crawling, then finally attempts at walking unaided at 12 months. Every child is different and some children can go from shuffling to walking attempts, missing a big milestone such as crawling.
This is the age where the child starts to make friends in school. Eventually, there will come a time when you really do grow-up as a preteen/teen stage. Adolescence lies in this age, where physical and psychological human development occurs. For females, puberty can start as early as 8 years of age to as late as 13 years of age. The sequence of puberty, from breast development, growth of pubic hair, growing, appearance of acne, to complete physical maturation, may take a year and a half or last as long as 6 years.
Adolescence for boys usually begins later than for girls and usually occurs around fourteen years of age. However, at the end of this growth period, boys are usually bigger than girls. Boys at this age are beginning to develop sex characteristics such as deep voices and body hair and also experience muscle growth and start to take on a manly
Assignment One 1. Summarise the main development of a child from the age range of 0-2 years, 3-5 years and 5-8 years. Children grow in various ways throughout their development stages, each child is different and should be treated as such, there are five development stages during the first eight years, and these consist of; Physical Development, After a baby is born physical contact begins when they lie on their backs, touch their toes and discover their fingers, as time goes on they become more agile and a child will be able to crawl and shuffle around, they may also attempt to walk unaided. At two they should be walking and throwing a ball, but is likely to lack confidence in catching a ball. By three a child will have learnt most methods of movement, they will be able to walk backwards and sideways, and may even jump from low heights, they should also be able to ride a tricycle.