Unit 14: Physiological disorders
In this essay I am going to talk about two case studies (case study one and case study two), I have found two people with a physiological disorder and built up a case study for each of them. The two physiological disorders are Crohn’s Disease (cast study one) and Bowel Cancer (case study two).
P1; Explain the nature of two named physiological disorders.
P2; Explain the signs and symptoms related to two named physiological disorders.
Cohn’s disease is caused by genetics, the immune system, smoking or previous infection.
Researchers have identified more than 200 different genes that are more common in people with Crohn's disease than in the general population.
The immune system provides protection against harmful bacteria that could potentially find their way into the digestive system.
In certain genetically susceptible individuals, a previous childhood infection may lead to an abnormal immune response, causing the symptoms of Crohn's disease.
Aside from family history and ethnic background, smoking is the most important risk factor for Crohn's disease. Smokers are twice as likely to develop the condition compared with non-smokers.
Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammation of the digestive tract, any part of the digestive tract from the mouth to the anus can be involved. Although it mostly affects the end of the small intestine called the terminal ileum and the beginning of the large intestine called the cecum.
It causes inflammation in parts of the intestines which secretes large amounts of water and salt; the bowels can also swell, thicken, and form sores and also scar tissue. The route of food through the intestines irritates their lining and causes bleeding and pain, nutrients are then prevented from being absorbed effectively.
As a result, some common symptoms of Crohn's disease include diarrhea,