Unit 13 Health and Social Care

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Unit 13 1.1 explain what is meant by the term ‘dementia’. The term 'dementia' is used to describe the symptoms that occur when the brain is affected by specific diseases and conditions. Symptoms of dementia include loss of memory, confusion and problems with speech and understanding. 1.2 describe the key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia. key functions of the brain that are effected by dementia are processing and understanding information given to them, speaking can be difficult and often their language is jumbled up and incoherent, memory is poor as they forget recent things but may be able to remember things that happened years ago. They may also lack the ability to make sound judgements and make poor decisions. The key functions that are affected by dementia are: Temporal lobe = responsible for vision, memory, language, hearing, learning Frontal lobe = responsible for decision making , problem solving, control behaviour and emotions Parietal lobe = responsible for sensory information from the body, also where letters are formed, putting things in order and spatial awareness Occipital lobe = responsible for processing information related to vision Cerebrum lobe = biggest part of the Brain its role is memory, attention, thought, and our consciousness, senses and movement Hippocampus = responsible for memory forming, organizing and storing and emotions 1.3 explain why depression, delirium and age-related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia. Depression, delirium and age-related memory impairment can often be mistaken for dementia as there are many similarities. This may be the case because they all share many of the same symptoms as dementia, for example: Symptoms of depression: Anxiety, irritability, Delusions Hallucinations Increased or decreased body movements Pacing, wringing their

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