Unit 1 Assignment 1 Essay

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Integrated circuit technology A History of Microprocessor Transistor Count 1971 to 2013 Source: Wikipedia, August 29, 2013 Processor Transistor count Date of introduction Manufacturer Process Area Intel 4004 2,300 1971 Intel 10 μm 12 mm², Intel 8008 3,500 1972 Intel 10 μm 14 mm² ,MOS Technology 6502 ,3,510[citation needed] 1975 MOS Technology 8 μm 21 mm², Motorola 6800 4,100 1974 Motorola 6 μm 16 mm², Intel 8080 4,500 1974 Intel 6 μm 20 mm², RCA 1802 5,000 1974 RCA 5 μm 27 mm², Intel 8085 6,500 1976 Intel 3 μm 20 mm², Zilog Z80 8,500 1976 Zilog 4 μm 18 mm², Motorola 6809 9,000 1978 Motorola 5 μm 21 mm², ARM 1 25,000[1] 1985 Acorn, ARM 2 25,000 1986 Acorn, Intel 8086 29,000 1978 Intel 3 μm 33 mm², Intel 8088 29,000 1979 Intel 3 μm 33 mm², ARM 6 30,000 1991 ARM, Intel 80186 55,000 1982 Intel 3 μm, Motorola 68000 68,000 1979 Motorola 4 μm 44 mm², Intel 80286 134,000 1982 Intel 1.5 μm 49 mm², Intel 80386 275,000 1985 Intel 1.5 μm 104 mm², ARM 3 300,000[2] 1989 Acorn, ARM 7 578977[3] 1994 ARM 68.51 mm², Intel 80486 1,180,235 1989 Intel 1 μm 173 mm², R4000 1,350,000 1991 MIPS 1.0 μm 213 mm², Pentium 3,100,000 1993 Intel 0.8 μm 294 mm², AMD K5 4,300,000 1996 AMD 0.5 μm 251 mm², Pentium Pro 5,500,000[4] 1995 Intel 0.5 μm 307 mm², Pentium II 7,500,000 1997 Intel 0.35 μm 195 mm², AMD K6 8,800,000 1997 AMD 0.35 μm 162 mm², Pentium III 9,500,000 1999 Intel 0.25 μm 128 mm² Processor Transistor count Date of introduction Manufacturer Process Area AMD K6-III 21,300,000 1999 AMD 0.25 μm 118 mm², AMD K7 22,000,000 1999 AMD 0.25 μm 184 mm², ARM Cortex-A9 26,000,000[6] 2007 ARM, Pentium 4 42,000,000 2000 Intel 180 nm 217 mm², Atom 47,000,000 2008 Intel 45 nm 24 mm², Barton 54,300,000 2003 AMD 130 nm 101 mm², AMD K8 105,900,000 2003 AMD 130 nm 193 mm², Itanium 2 McKinley 220,000,000 2002 Intel 180 nm 421 mm², Cell

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