1. Know the different types of schools in the education sector 1.2. Describe the characteristic of different types of schools in relation to educational stage(s)and school governance. Nursery Schools Nursery schools provide education for pre-school children between the ages of 0 – 5 years. Between the ages of 0 – 3 years children can attended either privately owned or government owned day nurseries separate from all schools, but still monitored by OFSTED (The Office for Standards in Education, Children’s Services and Skills).
Three and four year olds can get their 15 hours of free early years education at these providers also. * Day Nurseries. Often based in work places and run by businesses or voluntary groups providing care and learning activities for children from 0-5 years old. * Sure Start Children’s Centre: Working with parent’s right from the birth of their child, providing early years education for children, full day care, short-term care, health and family support, parenting advice as well as training and employment advice. * Nursery schools: Provide early learning and childcare for children between three and five years old.
Key Stage 1 - 5 to 7 year olds Key stage 2 - 7 to 11 year olds Key stage 3 - 11 to 14 year olds Key stage 4 - 14 to 16 year olds There are different types of childcare options available for 0-5 year olds. Sure Start Children’s Centre Work with parent’s right from the birth of children, providing early years education for children this can include: * full day care, * short-term care, * health and family support, * parenting advice * Training and employment advice. Nursery schools provide early learning and childcare for children between 3 and 5 years old. They are often based at Sure Start Children’s Centres or linked to a primary school. Preschools and playgroups are often run by voluntary groups providing part-time play and early learning for under five year olds.
“Examples of specific services offered through projects include: Home based ante natal care, Breastfeeding Support Groups Advice, support and information on health related topics Early Language Development Programmes Play development for all ages and stages Age appropriate physical development opportunities High quality crèche sessions Promotion of the creative arts Support for smooth transitions between pre school and school.” (EarlyYearsSureStart) Nursery schools - Provide early learning and childcare for children between three and five years old. They are often based at Sure Start Children’s Centres or linked to a primary school. Preschools and playgroups - Usually run by voluntary groups providing part-time play and early learning for
TDA 2.5 Schools as Organisations 1.1 Identify the main types of state and independent schools The main types of state and independent schools are; * Nursery Schools * Primary Schools * Secondary Schools * Community Schools * Specialists Schools * Free Schools * Academies * Church Schools * Private Schools 1.2 Describe the characteristics of the different types of schools in relation to educational stage(s) and school governance. * Nursery Schools have their own head teacher and staff and cater for children aged 3 and 4. They usually attend for 2 to 4 hours per day on 3 or 5 days a week. The children learn from a mix of curriculum based activities and social experience. Some nursery schools are state funded although some can be privately run.
The above is changing in September 2014 to allow more 2 years old children to be entitled Free early years education can be provided at the following places. Nurseries – these can be private or based within schools sites or classes within schools and academies. There are also day nurseries available. Nurseries are usually business oriented Nannies – operate by caring for children in your own home and can look after children of any age Pre schools and Play groups – providers of early years education for children under the age of 5. These types of provider are usually run by voluntary groups Childminders – normally providing care within the childminders own home from ages 0 – 8 years old.
Assessment task – TDA 3.2 Schools as organisations 1.1 Summarise entitlement and provision for early year’s education. Early Years Education – Education for children up to the age of 5 in Nursery and Reception classes. As required as part of the Every Child Matters theme and Childcare Act 2006, there is an entitlement that all 3-4 year olds in England can receive free part-time early years education of up to 15 hours per week for 38 weeks of the year (conforms to the educational period that older children are in school education in a year i.e. term dates). The national government provides the funding which the local authorities (In this area this would be LBC – Luton Borough Council).
An example of a Private setting in the local area would be Manna House Day Nursery, which is located on Bamford Street in Tamworth, Staffordshire. The Nursery charge a fee of £23.50 per morning (7am-1pm), £22.50 per afternoon (1pm-6pm), £31.00 per school day (8:30am-3pm) or £38.50 per full day (7am-6pm). (E2) Manna House Day Nursery has three areas that are designed to meet the children’s needs and support their development according to their age. One of the areas is The Baby room, which offers high quality care for babies and toddlers between the
Parents can pay for additional child care hours. It is compulsory for children to start school full time from the age of five, however most schools do offer places from the September after a child turns four years old. This is part of the Childcare Act 2006, Every Child matters Agenda, every child is entitled to an education. Young children are encouraged to learn through play, hence developing their independence away from their parents, enhancing confidence, communication and social skills. Thus ensuring a positive attitude towards school and smooth transition to Key Stage 1.
According to Gordon and Brown (1993), Early Childhood Development refers to many skills and milestones that children are expected to reach by the age of five. The URL (www.unicef.org>dprk>ecd) defines it as a comprehensive approach to policies and programmes for children from birth to eight years of age, their parents and caregivers. Therefore Early Childhood Development is a programme that caters for young children’s rights from birth to eight years of age so that they develop their full cognitive, emotional, social and physical skills. Durkenhim cited in Bourdillion (1990) defines Religious and Moral Education as unified