Unit 067 Essay

2438 Words10 Pages
Outcome 1 The early year’s sector in the UK at the current moment is complex. Unlike in many other European countries, it was not developed by a government policy in pursuit of specific aims, but emerged in an ad hoc fashion in response to families requirements based on changing social and economic factors. For example, during the Second World War women were needed in greater numbers in the workforce to replace men serving in the armed forces, so nurseries were set up to care for the children whose mothers went out to work in factories and offices etc. However, when the war came to an end and the men came back for their jobs, a lot of nurseries were closed. In the second half of the twentieth century, public expenditure on early year’s provisions focused on families who presented social need and difficulties. Local authority day nurseries and nursery schools catered primarily for children at risk of harm or deprivation, mostly in urban and deprived areas. Otherwise, early years provision was provided by the private sector; childminders, nannies and a few private nurseries. They were regulated by the 1948 Nurseries and Childminders Act, which was followed by the stronger Childcare Act 1989 and the Care Standards Act 2000. In the 1960s, the playgroup movement developed when parents took the initiative to set up and run provision for their own children to learn through play in village and church halls and other community facilities. Requirements for provision of care for their young children vary as some parents need their children to be in a setting where they will be safe and able to participate in play and learning experiences for all or part of the day while the parents work or study. Some parents want to stay with their children while they socialise, some parents want their children to spend time in a setting which offers services explicitly aimed at young
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