Unification Of Italy And Germany Essay

1289 Words6 Pages
M. Guy Compare and Contrast: Italian and German Unification The spread of Nationalism throughout Europe was a catalyst of many social and political changes in the 1800’s. Nationalism is the inducing factor that affixes people from the same area or who have continuities in their language, historical background, religion or their beliefs, institutions, or geographic expanse. Due to this facilitator: Nationalism, two nations were formed and broke free from the different nations controlling them. During the early 1870’s, both Italy and Germany among others, had finally become unified and independent. The goals of both Italian and German Nationalism were unification and democracy. These new nations shared several common aspects of life, but also had unique characteristics. Italy and Germany had similar structures before Nationalism began to percolate their lives. They were both divided into several small states. The Italian states had their own leaders but were ruled collectively by Austria-Hungary. The German States had the majority of their loyalty towards their local leaders. Nationalism, as you know held the key to Italian and German unification. Napoleon Bonaparte introduced Nationalism to both of these regions. When Napoleon came to rule in these areas he realized it was very challenging to rule when their society and politics were so different. So, in each of these places he grouped together some of the kingdoms. Inconspicuously, he introduced Nationalism to both the Italians and Germans. The Italians realized what a great nation they could form if they belonged together. This revelation also occurred to the Confederation of the Rhine, which was the name that Napoleon gave to the newly grouped German states. Napoleon was later defeated in the Napoleonic Wars, but the groundwork had been laid. Austria was a main obstacle for both the Italian and
Open Document