Unification of Germany Essay

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The German Unification process started in the early 1800s, after the fall of the Holy Roman Empire, the first Reich. The man who started this development was Otto Von Bismarck, chancellor of Germany. King William I, who was Kaiser of the empire, appointed him to this position. Bismarck had many assets, including his mastery of Realpolitik, which was basically practical politics. He also won three wars in the course of six years. All these wars produced good results, especially the Austro-Prussian War. This battle ended in a Prussian victory, which led the country to annex several other northern German states. After this unification, Catholics made up about one-third of the German population. But there was a problem: Otto despised Catholics. Because of this, he launched the Kulturkampf, which was a goal to make Catholics be more loyal to the state than to the church. Bismarck saw a threat to the new empire because of the growing power of socialism. By the late 1870s, a Social Democratic party was created. This party had laws that would improve conditions for the working class. Since Bismarck feared that socialists would turn towards a revolution, he got rid of the party. The result was another recession even though the party continued to grow. After this, William II, the grandson of William I, was extremely confident in himself when he asked Bismarck to abdicate from his reign. Although Otto resisted, William was powerful in Europe. Some of the things he did were expanding the navy and competing for overseas colonies. William II’s nationalism and aggressive military stance was very influential in

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