When the Alsace-Lorraine was ceded to Germany in 1871, the French culture was suppressed causing unease within the Alsatian people; yet once the Alsace-Lorraine became part of France yet again with the ending of WWI, the German traditions remained as well. To reinforce German dominance within all its territories, Bismarck shows how he plans to infuse the area with German culture as he states that it will, "...be a hotbed of disaffection for a long time to come" (doc. 1). This proves how Germany forsaw their own culture being violently imposed upon the region. region.
Bridget Finnegan 3/15/12 Period 1 Describe and analyze the changing views toward the concept of a “civil peace.” (Burgfrieden) in Germany from 1914 to 1918. During the year 1914, Germany’s Reichstaf, or parliament, was putting forth two major efforts: mobilizing German troops into was as well as declaring Burgfrieden (civil peace) in an attempt to convert Germany into a powerful, unified nation with a forcible grip on this war. Throughout the duration of the Great War, 1914 to 1918, the overall attitude of the German people in response to this civil peace changed along with Germany’s status in the war- worse. In 1914, the first year of WWI and that the Burgfrieden was put into action, the German people reacted to the civil peace with nothing short of exuberance, throwing all of their energy into it and the war effort. As 1915 and 1916 drew forth, the war was still in full swing and Germany had fallen under the weight of the Triple Entente.
-Stresemann altered the policies with the introduction of Dawes plan and the young plan. - Germany was able to meet its reparation payments and the French left the area of Ruhr in 1924. The failures can be seen through the flaws in the constitution, political parties, economic failures the lack of support towards the republic. •The new parliament met in February 1919 and drew up a constitution that established Germany as a democracy. •It was a constitution that would preserve German democracy, liberties and rights of the people.
The region of Alsace-Lorraine has been passed from Germany to France and back again multiple times. Thus, the people of Alsace-Lorraine have a unique national and cultural identity, consisting of both French and German traditions. However, when the territory was given to Germany in 1871, unpatriotic material was violently suppressed, mainly the French language. This created a great diversion and conflict within the Alsatian population. However, once Alsace-Lorraine was returned to France in 1919, German traditions, which had once been forced on them fiercely, were embraced.
Rise of German Nationalism Essay Nationalism: the idea that people sharing the same language and culture should be ruled by their own government. This is largely a concept which developed in Europe during the nineteenth-century. National consciousness grew throughout Europe, particularly in the 'German states', as people were united together in a common feeling of resentment against the French. The Napoleonic Wars and the French Revolution encouraged new political ideas such as Liberalism, which unwittingly promoted nationalism. This was because the new middle class that had emerged in the 'German states', from industrialisation, wanted political representation, and felt that it could only be achieved in a united Germany.
Also, events such as the Hottentot election of 1907 and the Daily Telegraph affair were examples of when the Kaiser had to work and deal with the democratic sides of the constitution. Taking these examples into account, the Kaiser acted as an autocrat in areas where the Reichstag had no constitutional authority. The Second Reich with its new constitution gave near-autocratic powers to the Kaiser. It recognised the sovereign leader of the Reichstag as well as the Commander-in-Chief of the army. One of the factors that possibly made Germany seem very much like an autocracy is the power the Kaiser had to dissolve the Reichstag ant to appoint a Chancellor of his choice.
Because there were so many German-speaking people and “Self Determination”, the Sudetenland was thought to belong to a German leader. The Treaty of Versailles was a peace treaty that put an end to World War I between the allies and central powers. The policy of appeasement was one of the main reason World War II plunged. Appeasement is simply giving up land in order to avoid upcoming war. During World War II, there were many acts of aggression.
On the other hand, Nazism is a term referring to a political ideology and the regime of Adolf Hitler which was in power in Germany since 1933 to 1945. The Nazism's major emphasis was on the racial superiority of the Aryan people, the elimination of the Jews who were inferior. This paper compares and contrasts the Italian Fascist and German Nazi ideologies and practices. It will show their ultimate goals as well as define the role of woman in this time period. Similarities and differences between fascist Italy and Nazi Germany: The Nazism and the Italian fascism had a common aim of national rebirth or regeneration.
Some historians have focused on the holocaust as a product of trends in German History. Explain how this approach has contributed to our understanding of the holocaust. Has this approach any disadvantages and shortcomings? The approach dictates that the holocaust was ultimately the result of the societal changes exclusively within German culture during the late nineteenth and early twentieth century; that the genocide was the ultimate ramification of various historical ‘trends’ i.e. the changes in the mechanisms of ‘volkisch’ anti-semitism and how it developed throughout the preceding decades, with particular scholarly movements including the inception of scientific racism, the volkisch movement in correspondence with new imperialism and militant nationalism.
Germany was Unified by 1871 through “Iron and Blood.” How far do you agree ? The quote presented in the title, is a key component of the larger phrase “The great questions of the day will not be settled by means of speeches and majority decisions ... but by iron and blood.”, presented to the Landtag (Prussian Parliament) in 1862 by the newly elected minister president Otto Von Bismarck. This phrase and the speech around it proved to consistently correspond with the Prussian Statesman's internal and foreign policies for the next 20 years, and summarized the method’s by which the future chancellor intended to bring about a unification of the german speaking world. The purpose of this essay, will be to analyze if the unification of Germany was : either as Bismarck himself claimed the fulfillment of a developed master plan which, brought itself about the circumstances which made unification possible ; or whether the unity of the nation in-fact arose from the circumstances themselves, which appeared because of a variety of distinct social and economic factors, whose correct analyzation, and exploitment eventually led to the unification of Germany. The answer is likely a mix of the two, I hope that by analyzing the context and circumstances surrounding the issue I will come up with a worthwhile conclusion.