Understanding the Needs of Children and Young People Who Are Vulnerable and Experiencing Poverty and Disadvantage.

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1.1 Poverty is a key element of the Every Child Matters Framework. One of the five outcomes says; every child should ‘achieve wealth and economic well-being’. This outcome means it is important to make sure that children, parents, families, carers and local community have a role in improving children’s outcomes and reducing effects of poverty. There are many reasons why a child/ children live in poverty, there is a link between employment and poverty. If one parent or neither parent’s are working, a family can still be in a low income bracket. One parent families often live in poverty as there is only one person in the household earning and they may need to pay for childcare in order to work. Children are more likely to live in poverty if: -Child is in care. -One or both parents are unemployed. -Parents are disabled, have mental health problems or additional needs. Child is disabled a parent may not be able to work as they may be a full-time carer for the child. 1.2 The family income has the potential to increase or decrease a child’s health and life chances because the income of the parents can affect the area in which the child is brought up in, the level of housing, the quality of food the child is provided, also the access to outings, holidays and leisure facilities. These factors can affect a child’s chances to ‘achieve economic wee-being’ (Every Child Matters) -Infant mortality rates are more than twice as high in low income families than high income families. -Statistically, children from low income families are more likely to have poorer health resulting from poor housing conditions, poor diet, stress and/or depression. -Children from low income families statistically are more likely to be involved in crime. -Statistically, children from low income families are less likely to achieve at school due to lack of space to study/ do homework, low

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