Understanding Safeguarding of Children and Young People

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Unit 16 - P5 Understanding Safeguarding of children and young people (for those working in the adult sector) Policies, procedures and practiced in place for safe working with children include Children Acts 1989 and 2004 which discuss protecting children from maltreatment; preventing impairment of children’s health or development, both directly linked with the safe working of children and young people. There are four types of ‘child abuse’. They are defined in the UK Government guidance ‘Working Together to Safeguard Children 2010’ (1.33 – 1.36) as follows: Physical abuse, Emotional abuse, Sexual abuse, and Neglect. Behaviours indicating possible concern with regards to safeguarding children are as follows; Physical abuse - bruises to the eyes, mouth, or ears, fingertip bruising (grasp mark), bruises of different ages in the same place. Outline bruises (hand prints, belts or shoes). Bruising on non-mobile babies - Burns bites and scars or unusual shaped scars and fractures. Neglect - undernourished, dirty skin and hair, dirty or soiled clothing, inappropriate clothing for the weather, hunger and stealing food, tireness, being withdrawn, being left unsupervised and not being given any medical care. Sexual abuse - recurrent urinary infections, genital and rectal itching and soreness, inappropriate behaviour regarding age and ability, inappropriate level of sexual knowledge, and sexual abusive behaviour toward others, lack of trust, regression, become isolated and withdrawn. Emotional abuse - low self-esteem, attention seeking behaviour, nervous behaviour, continual rocking, hair twisting, delayed development, and self-mutilation. Should a child of young person allege harm or abuse we must, Listen Carefully, Believe the child, Do not cross question, Take careful written notes, Do not promise the child that you will not tell anyone, Act quickly
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