Jean Piaget’s theory was based on systematic (schema) study for our cognitive development. Piaget believed that there were stages that you had to achieve in order to move on to the next. The order of the stages: Piagets theory came in to place by observing children. A way of applying his theory to the classroom is “use concrete props and visual aids whenever possible...” (McLendon, 2011) In my practice we set up activities for each individual need of each child to help them progress through the stage of the theory which links to Piagets theory. Lev Vygotsky’s theory was based on social/emotional development needs to show demonstration/imagination to allow a child to progress.
1. Explain the adaptive value of rough-and-tumble play and dominance hierarchies. 2. Cite examples of how language awareness fosters school-age children’s language progress 3. List some teaching practices that foster children’s achievement and some that undermine it.
Language can be defined as verbal, physical and biologically innate. Behaviourists often define language as a learning behaviour including a stimulus and response. There are varying theories on language development. Chomsky (1959) believed that children are born with specific linguistic knowledge and an inherited ability to learn any human language. He stated all children needed was a trigger to this pre-programmed ability to learn language as the brain was pre wired for language.
An example of that is how parents in various cultures use language with their children. It is theorized that children possess the innate ability to learn language. There are several theories as to how adults play a part in the language development of a child. The first few theories that will be discussed is about how children learn language. The first theory is the nativist theory which states all kids have the yearning to understand the logic of their domain.
Development will be taken to mean ‘real-time learning that is affected by language processing abilities (Ellis, 1985). Pinker (as cited by Brown 2000) defines language as ‘a complex, specialised skill, which develops in the child spontaneously’. In this assignment, first language acquisition will refer to the language that is most used in the YL early years (Lightbown & Spada 2006). Ellis (1985) writes that second language acquisition is ‘the study of how learners learn an additional language after they have acquired their mother tongue’. SECTION ONE: HOW YOUNG LEARNERS
Developmental psychologists such as Piaget and Vygotsky explored the theories of language development. According to Piaget, language development, as well as other areas of development occurs in stages. The perfecting of one stage, leads to the development of the next stage. Each stage builds on the previous one. These stages are distinct yet continuous in nature.
2.3 Explain how theories of development and frameworks to support development influence current practice Theories of development: Cognitive Piaget was working on an intelligence test when he noticed that children consistently gave similar wrong answers to some questions, and he began to consider why this was. Piagets theory of learning is sometimes referred to as a constructivist approach. According to Piagets theory, there are four stages of learning, these are: Assimilation. In this stage the child constructs a theory (Schema) Equilibrium. The childs experiences so far seem to fit the schema, everything balances.
In my setting, it draws on the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) framework, which highlights the importance of creativity in the early years of education. One of the four principles that underpin the whole framework relates to learning and development, and emphasises the importance of creativity and critical thinking in all aspects of children’s experience. Duffy (2010) explains that creativity means connecting the previously unconnected in ways that are new and meaningful to the individual concerned. (pg20) Creativity is important because it enables us to respond to a rapidly changing world and to deal with the unexpected by extending our current knowledge to new situations and using information in new ways. It encourages us to take risks, think flexibly, be innovative, play with ideas and respond imaginatively.
Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky are two child development psychologists whom both had great theories about how cognitive development in children worked. These two theorists both differ on how they view cognitive development in children. Each of the two theorists both have some similarities but also have some substantial differences that separate these two theorists. Language acquisition is the development of language in children. There are many aspects in how we acquire language and also many different theories and beliefs about how language is acquired.
Through their play children practise and consolidate their learning, play with ideas, experiment, take risks, solve problems, and make decisions… First-hand experiences allow children to develop an understanding of themselves and the world in which they live. Practical ideas The role of the adult in child-initiated learning is to: Organise the physical environment so children have access to a wide range of interesting open-ended resources to explore and investigate imaginatively Develop an emotional