Understanding Evidence Based Practice

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This assignment has been chose due to the personal experience that I can relate with. The aim of this assignment is to critique a chosen piece of journal research to analyse the accuracy and validity using a critical framework as guidelines.
The article to be critiqued is located in the Journal of National Council on Family Relations (1992) which evaluates the valuing of altruism (Johnson, Haigh and Yates-Bolton (2007). The research is about of whether or not maternal employment has impact on maternal behaviour and has impact on mother-infant relationship and to investigate the mother anxiety about separation of the infant at early stage (Hock et al 1989).
The research of this topic has recently become popular due to the rise of working mothers over a past decade. Maternal employment has been increase in 1987, 55% of a mother with children age 3 years or less were employed, compared on 1967 less than 25% ( Shank, 1988). Hek et al (1996) suggested that research is essential in nursing and is part of the evidence based practice in healthcare settings. Evidence-based practice (EBP) adapted from Sackett et al (1996) states that EBP is:
"The conscientious, explicit and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients. The practice of evidence-based medicine means integrating individual clinical expertise with the best available external clinical evidence from systematic research"
The whole purpose of EBP is to use available research to inform practice and as a result of good judgement by health care professionals to ensure we do what is best for our patients. The Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC, 2008) state that all advice given to the patients is based upon the best available evidence based practiced.

The framework use to critique in this article is the

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