Pregnant women face many barriers when trying to get help for their substance abuse problems. Many pregnant women seek out help through the community and treatment programs but find they are mainly male centered and do not cater to their personal needs. Other barriers they face are the fear of criminal prosecution and the fear of losing their current children to child protective services. Maternal substance abuse continues to be a growing problem today. Educating more mothers on the consequences of abusing substances while pregnant will help reduce the number of children affected by this significant problem.
Perspectives of ADHD: Causes and Effects Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) was once referred to as “mental restlessness” by Sir Alexander Crichton in 1798 (Wikipedia, 2012). ADHD is one of the most common psychiatric disorders diagnosed in children today. It affects almost five percent of children across the world (Foley, 2011). ADHD is defined as a “persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that is more frequent and severe than is typically observed in individuals at a comparable level of development” (Foley, 2011). The diagnosis is made based on behaviors and not seen as a neurological disease.
A diagnosis can consist of hallucinations, delusions, strange behavior, lack of social skills, inability to feel pleasure, poverty of speech, and psychomotor retardation. There are many speculations about the causes of schizophrenia—some even believe that cannabis use (especially at such a young age) can increase the likelihood of forming it; along with a light body weight. Also, there are treatments out there for schizophrenia but the one that works the most effectively is an antipsychotic drug working in about 70% of patients. Only about 1 in 5 people recover from schizophrenia because some refuse the drugs or relapse from major stressors or the family
Effects of Dependent Personality Disorder on Interpersonal Relationships and Society Abstract Aside from the anxiety that a person with Dependent Personality Disorder (DPD) suffers from on a daily basis, there are also interpersonal problems that follow the disorder. Since there is a constant need for approval and reassurance, it can lead family and friends to become frustrated and possibly reject the person suffering from DPD. Unfortunately, interpersonal relationships cannot thrive with continuous mind changing, and requests for advice. Recent studies have shown that DPD is linked to a significantly increased risk for partner and child abuse, suicide, and physical illness along with high levels of functional impairment. Children of DPD sufferers have an increase chance of feeling emotionally abandoned and unloved.
A lot of parents today tend to consider their children “too energetic”, “Moody” or “Hyper” and therefore believe they are ADD, ADHD, or Bipolar even when they might not be. There are no definite and scientifically sound tests to determine whether someone is truly ADD, ADHD, or bipolar, so all someone has to do is explain these “behaviors” associated with these disorders. Some of these behaviors include hyper activity, mood swings, excessive energy, an inability to focus, bad grades and short attention spans. These behaviors also can be associated with the normal way children act. Another issue with the lack of tests and being able to procure these drugs so easily is the large and overwhelming issue of misuse.
Depression a) Definitions b) Symptoms c) Treatments and medications d) Risk factors e) Suicidal Behavior IV. Behavioral Modification a) Increase use of b) Cost of c) Friend d) Foe V. Conclusion The use of medication for behavior management of special needs children and adults has grown over the years. Some patients swear by it and some hate it. Parents realize how it helps their children with their symptoms, but that it negatively impacts their children’s lives also. It can be stated that under no circumstances is medication alone a sufficient response to challenging behavior.
The most well known signs of addiction include loss of control over substances or behavior, obsession with a substance or behavior, prolonged use of the substance no matter what the consequences are, and complete denial that there is any type of dependence. Addiction is a strong indicator of much deeper psychological issues, often stemming from early childhood trauma of some kind. Once these issues are faced and dealt with, the use of drugs or any other substance becomes unnecessary in most, if not all cases. Society tends to believe that drug addicts are “weak”, and that if they really wanted to stop using, they could overcome the obsession and compulsion to use drugs. That addicts are anti-social, and that they use because they want to, not because they need to.
Divorce affects each member of the family which children experience it differently. Parents should sit down with their children and discuss the situation, but not going into detail, that would give mixed feelings towards the parent that is in fault. Even though parents are getting a divorce, they still are the most important people in a child’s life. Children tend to feel lonely, depressed, and rejected because of the situation. Children’s emotions, feelings, and how they cope with depends on how the parents display their coping skills (Lewis, 1999).
She writes that not enough sleep is going make people more frustrated which will eventually make them have problems with people around. She also talks about that when people do not get enough sleep it messes up their metabolism. At the end of the article she helps out by giving strategies that could help get stuff done so that the people who are sleep deprived can actually sleep (Thompson.) Thompson discusses what happens to peoples motor functions when they do not get enough sleep and that if they lose a full night of sleep it is pretty much like being drunk, so they should not take the car out for a drive or handle any other machinery. Being responsible definitely comes at play in this kind of situation.
Child abuse has created massive sufferance of children and can cause negative outcomes through emotional instability in the mind and heart, painfulness of physical wounds, and can cause traumatic distress in the future. Although each parent and child may have their own problems, it is not fair if we let child abuse to happen because it can create senseless and complicated issues. Child abuse has created invisible pain to children’s emotions. According to the National Child Abuse Statistics in 2006, “80% of children getting abused can easily develop psychiatric disorders at the age of 21 such as depression, anxiety, and eating disorders.” The outcomes of a child being abused can create profound sadness, attempts of suicide, and can affect on his/her social life with others. “In Los Angeles 2003, Richard Jr. suffered abuse during high school at Don Boscov Technical Institute and resulted in depression and suicidal.” (Quinn) As a result, child abuse can bring down children’s self-esteem low and emotional instability in the mind and heart.