Health & Social Care Level 3 Understand and Enable Interaction and Communication with Individuals Who Have Dementia – CU1682 1.1 Explain how different forms of dementia may affect the way an individual communicates. It becomes increasingly more difficult for a person with dementia to communicate effectively, and this can vary from person to person, and by the type of dementia they have, and how far progressive it has become. Some of the different types of dementia include: Alzheimers Vascular Dementia with Lewy Bodies Parkinsons Dementia affects an individual’s capacity to remember and recognise things, as well as lose their ability to speak and understand speech. It also affects their motor skills. All of these
People who care for dementia sufferers may find that as the illness progresses they will have to start discussions to get the person to make conversation. This is common. Their ability to process information gets progressively weaker and their responses can become delayed. Impaired depth perception, loss of vision, loss of colour vision, loss of contrast sensitivity and hallucinations are all problems that may be associated with dementia. As a carer non-verbal communication will become important, body language, facial expressions, gestures, eye contact and tone of voice will have to be taken into account when communicating with a sufferer.
People who are losing both hearing and vision will find it difficult to look for clues. There’s a need form a person with sensory impairment to have written, spoken or signed information accessible to them. People need to be able to carry on their everyday life’s as long as possible and losing one of their senses could have a detrimental effect on their dignity and confidentiality .People with hearing loss may need information that is not written and this could be difficult for a person if the information is not in suitable format. Not having access to information could impact on familiar layout, routines and mobility. 1.2 Steps that can be taken to overcome factors that have a negative impact on individuals with
Working with individuals with Dementia calls for different approaches to communication. As dementia impairs a person’s ability to communicate effectively, it also reduces the ability to decode and understand information. It decreases the persons capacity to plan and problem solve. These language deficits are compounded by other dementia related impairments including decreased attention span and memory loss. The combination of all these attribute to a serious communication loss.
They may find it difficult to carry out physical tasks due to sensory loss. A person is unique and may have had different life experiences which means the way dementia affects them is personal to them. They have different likes/ dislikes and needs so we must try to meet these the best we can. 1.3 A person with dementia may feel excluded from society because the way they are treated by other's. They may not be given the oppourtunity to be involved just because other's haven't got the time of day for them.
Explain the way that individuals process information and reference to the abilities and limitations of individuals with dementia. Individuals with dementia, their brains process information incorrectly and communication can become difficult, this difficulties can become upsetting and frustrating for the individual with dementia. People with dementia often confuse the generations for example confusing their wife to be there mother, this can be distressing for the family but is natural aspect of their memory loss. When caring for residents with dementia it important to take into account the individual’s needs and abilities, interests and preferences, dementia effects memory, thinking and reasoning, as dementia progresses the need and abilities of the individual changes. In the earlier stages of dementia the individual may feel upset or anxious and be more self-aware of their memory loss and their own limitations and want to talk and share about how they are feeling, their worries and concerns for the future, support and empathy should be given.
These methods of communication can be useful for building vocabularies of individuals with limited speech. Other individuals may have a vast vocabulary, but due to rigid sets of interests may only use repetitive speech which means their communication can be out of context, making conversations difficult. 2. - Problems that individuals with an autistic spectrum condition may have in social interaction and relationships Due to the social difficulties linked with autism, individuals often find social interaction and the building of relationships very difficult. Individuals with autism often have difficulties reading non-verbal forms of communication, such as body language, and find it hard to relate to other people’s feelings and emotions, which can effect their responses to a social situation as they will appear out of context or inappropriate.
Unit 4222-365 Understand the process and experience of dementia. Outcome 1 1,,A range of causes of dementia syndrome can be death of nerve or loss of communication between nerve cells,, Multiple cognitive deflects including memory impairment,, problems wiyh speach, failure to recognise people and decline in overall mental function. 2,, The types of memory impairment commonly experienced by individuals with dementia can be a decline in memory function results in the loss of memories of recent events/ Mobility can be affected as a result of short-term memory deficit; individuals can feel lost and wander away from their known surroundings,, / Problem solving can become a major issue as individuals find it increasingly difficult to learn new skills/ Loss of memory means that the ability to communicate is reduced as individuals tend to ask the same question over and over again or lose the thread of the conversation. 3,, Individuals with dementia experience difficulties interpreting the world due to incorrect processing of information in the brain. This can result in significant problems with perception and communication, including the ability to articulate feelings, frustration, stress and fear.
Outcome 1 Be able to communicate with individuals with dementia 1.1 Describe how memory impairment can affect the ability of an individual with dementia to use verbal language. In individuals who have dementia, memory impairment can make verbal communication through language difficult as dementia can cause most individuals to forget words and confuse some words with others creating confusion. For example, if you ask an individual with dementia if he or she would like a cup of tea but they have forgotten what the word tea means they won’t understand what you are trying to say, an alternative means of communication which could be more affective would be to show an image of a cup of tea and ask them if they would like a cup of tea to reinforce
You could misinterpret a person who has dementia because you do not know the full extent of the illness. So when a service user becomes aggressive you may think they are being nasty to you when in reality it is the illness and they do not know any different. 1.3 Explain the importance of effective communication to an individual with dementia. Effective communication can improve the quality of life for someone with dementia so try and find out the best way to understand the service user and what level of dementia they have so you can learn to communicate in a way they like (singing) Speak to family members of service user to find out how they like to communicate Read the care plan for information Speak to other carers 1.4 describe how different forms of dementia may affect the way an individual communicates The different type of dementia affects the brain in different ways and each individual communicates their thoughts and feelings in a unique way In the early stages of some forms of dementia people have difficulty finding the right word; and in the later stage words become lost completely in all forms of dementia. It becomes harder to put sentences together as the disease progresses.